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Advanced testing procedures for high performance coatings

Abstract

In the first part of this work, an integrated approach incorporating electrochemical (electrochemical impedance spectroscopy), calorimetric (differential scanning calorimetry), mechanical (dynamic mechanical thermal analysis), and infrared spectroscopy (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) techniques was used to characterize some organic coatings from the automotive industry. Comparison of the results obtained with different techniques allows not only a higher precision in the evaluation of natural or artificial degradation, which is very difficult to obtain using traditional techniques, but also better data interpretation and, therefore, the possibility of understanding the different degradation mechanisms.

In the second part, some preliminary results concerning the comparison of salt spray exposure and EIS measurements are discussed. The statistical analysis of the results showed that the degradation mechanism in the two cases is completely different and, therefore, the information which is obtained with the two testing approaches is also different. With EIS measurements obtained in immersion, it is possible to monitor, in particular, the barrier properties of the coatings, which are dominated by the presence of defects. In the case of salt spray (without scratch), the main property to be measured is the loss of adhesion which causes blister formation.

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Additional information

Dept. of Materials Engineering, Via Mesiano 77, Trento, Italy. e-mail: Flavio.Deflorian@ing.unitn.it; Stefano.Rossi@ing.unitn.it; Bonora@ing.unitn.it.

Dept. ICMMPM, Via Eudossiana, Rome, Italy. e-mail: Lorenzo.Fedrizzi@ing.unitn.it.

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Deflorian, F., Rossi, S., Bonora, P.L. et al. Advanced testing procedures for high performance coatings. Journal of Coatings Technology 72, 81–87 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02698001

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02698001

Keywords

  • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
  • Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis
  • Barrier Property
  • Salt Spray
  • Organic Coating