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Interaction of rheology, geometry, and process in coating flow


A final coating of uniform thickness implies good leveling and the avoidance of defects during film formation. Though generally desired, this objective is often unmet. The outcome of a coating process depends on the nonlinear interaction of the rheology, process variables, and substrate geometry. Understanding the role of rheology is complicated by difficulties in linking fundamental rheological properties with coating performance. During a coating process, forces of varying type, magnitude and duration act on the fluid film. For non-Newtonian coatings the viscosity varies with both time and position within the coating layer, making predictions of flow behavior quite difficult. One answer is computer simulation, using numerical techniques to solve a set of nonlinear differential equations governing the flow. The rheological and other physical properties are parameter values for the program.

We present results of mathematical modeling and numerical simulation of a coating imperfection known as a “dripmark.” The model includes non-Newtonian rheology, substrate shape, surface tension, and gravity. We compare theoretical prediction with experimental observation in a study of two architectural paints. We also describe a new method of quantitatively measuring the surface profile of a coating defect.

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Strongsville Research Center, 16651 Sprague Rd., Strongsville, OH 44136.

Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716.

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Eley, R.R., Schwartz, L.W. Interaction of rheology, geometry, and process in coating flow. Journal of Coatings Technology 74, 43–53 (2002).

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  • Shear Rate
  • Flow Curve
  • Paint Layer
  • Paint Film
  • Coating Flow