Censullo, A.C., Jones, D.R., and Wills, M.T., “Improvement of Specification Profiles for Architectural and Industrial Coatings Operations,” Report to the California Air Resources Board, June 30, 1996.
EPA Reference Method 24, Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings. Available from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20492. Refer to CFR 40, Part 60, Appendix A.
D 3690, Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings,Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 06.01, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
Manual on Determination of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content in Paints, Inks, and Related Coatings Products: Second Edition, J. John Brezinski (Ed.), 1993,ASTM Manual Series:MNL 4, pp. 18–21, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
D 2369, Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings,Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 01.06, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
Zhang, Z., Yang, M.J., and Pawliszyn, J., “Solid-Phase Microextraction,”Analytical Chemistry, 66, No. 17, 844A (1984);
Boyd-Boland, A.A., Chai, M., Luo, Y.Z., Zhang, Z., Yang, M.J., Pawliszyn, J.B., and Gorecki, T., “New Solvent-Free Sample Preparation Techniques Based on Fiber and Polymer Technologies,”Environmental Science and Technology, 28, No. 13, 569A (1994);
Buchholz, K.D. and Pawliszyn, J., “Determination of Phenols by Solid-Phase Microextration and Gas Chromatographic Analysis,”Environmental Science and Technology, 27, No. 13, 2844 (1993). A complete list of J. Pawliszyn’s SPME papers is available on the world wide web at http://sciborg.unwaterloo.ca/~janusz/spme-pub.html.
The SPME syringe, cartridges, and Petrocol column are available from the Supelco Company, Supelco Park, Bellefonte, PA.
Khorash, F., Gray, M., and Selucky, M., “Correlation of Kováts Retention Index of C9-C26 Monalkyl and Polymethyl Alkanes and Alkenes,”J. Chromatography, 481, 1 (1989);
Hayes, P.C. Jr., and Pitzer, E.W., “Characterizing Petroleum-and Shade-Derived Jet Fuel Distillates Via Temperature-Programmed Kováts Indices,”J. Chromatography, 253, 79 (1982).
ASTM D 3792, Test Methods for Water Content of Water-Reducible Paints by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph,Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 06.01, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
EPA Reference Method 311, “Analysis of Hazardous Air Pollutant Compounds in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph.” Available from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.20492. Refer to CFR 40, Part 63, Appendix A.
Los Angeles Society for Coatings Technology, “VOC Testing Comparison: EPA Method 24 Versus the Cal Poly Method,”Journal of Coatings Technology, 67, No. 841, 53 (1995).
The water-based coatings used in this study were obtained from various California Paint Manufacturers.