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Initiator-free photopolymerization of an aliphatic vinyl ether-maleimide monomer

Abstract

The synthesis and initiator-free photopolymerization of the following aliphatic monomer, containing both a vinyl ether group (electron donor) and a maleimide group (electron acceptor), is described: N-[5-(2-(vinyloxy)ethyloxy carbonyl) pentyl] maleimide (1). The polymerization reaction was followed with UV- and IR-measurements. It was shown that irradiation with a high power microwave lamp, without the presence of photoinitiators, resulted in very fast and efficient curing. This donor-acceptor monomer was also shown to be useful as a photoinitiator for the polymerization of acrylate monomers.

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Dept. of Polymer Technology, S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.

ANDERS HULT received an M.S. in Chemical Engineering and a Ph.D. in Polymer Technology from the Royal Institute of Technology, in Stockholm, Sweden. Currently, Dr. Hult serves as a Professor of Coatings Technology at the Royal Institute of Technology and as Chair of the Coating Science and Technology Center in Stockholm. Dr. Hult’s research focuses on thin polymer films chemistry, photopolymerization, electron beam induced polymerization, radiation induced cationic polymerization, surface modification of polymers, resin chemistry, synthesis and characterization of liquid crystalline polymers and dendrimers.

HENRIK ANDERSSON earned an M.Sc. in Chemical Engineering and a Ph.D in Polymer Technology from the Royal Institute of Technology, in Stockholm. Dr. Andersson became a Research Associate in the Dept. of Polymer Technology at the Royal Institute of Technology in 1995. His areas of research include synthesis and characterization of liquid crystalline polymers, coating and resin chemistry, thin polymer films, powder coatings, photopolymerization, FTIR and FT-Raman spectroscopy.

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Andersson, H., Hult, A. Initiator-free photopolymerization of an aliphatic vinyl ether-maleimide monomer. Journal of Coatings Technology 69, 91–95 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02696124

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02696124

Keywords

  • Vinyl Ether
  • Maleic Anhydride
  • Photopolymerization
  • Maleimide
  • Vinyloxy