The effects of magnesium supplementation on blood parameters were studied during a period of 4 wk in adult tae-kwon-do athletes at rest and exhaustion. Thirty healthy subjects of ages ranging in age from 18 to 22 yr were included in the study. The subjects were separated into three groups, as follows: Group 1 consisted of subjects who did not train receiving 10 mg/kg/d magnesium. Group 2 included subjects equally supplemented with magnesium and exercising 90–120 min/d for 5 d/wk. Group 3 were subject to the same exercise regime but did not receive magnesium supplements. The leukocyte count (WBC) was significantly higher in groups 1 and 2 than in the subjects who did not receive any supplements (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the WBC of the two groups under magnesium supplementation. The erythrocyte, hemoglobin, and trombocyte levels were significantly increased in all groups (p < 0.05), but the hematocrit levels did not show any differences between the groups although they were increased after supplementation and exercise. These results suggest that magnesium supplementation positively influences the performance of training athletes by increasing erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
H. C. Lukaski and F. H. Nielsen, Dietary magnesium depletion affects metabolic responses during sub maximal exercise in postmenopausal women, J. Nutr. 132, 930–935 (2002).
H. C. Lukaski, W. W. Bolonchuk, L. Kelvay, D. B. Milne, and H. H. Sandstead, Maximal oxygen consumption as related to magnesium, copper and zinc nutriture, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37, 407–415 (1983).
C. H. Bohl and S. L. Volpe, Magnesium and exercise, University of Massachusetts, Department of Nutrition, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 42, 533–563 (2002).
S. W. Golf, S. Bender, and J. Gruttner, On the significance of magnesium in extreme physical stress, Cardiovasc. Drugs Ther. 12, 197–202 (1998).
C. L. Keen, P. Lowney, M. E. Gershwin, L. S. Hurley and J. S. Stem, Dietary magnesium intake influences exercise capacity and hematological parameters in rats, Metabolism 36, 788–793 (1987).
M. J. Laires, Y. Rayssiguier, C. Y. Guezennec, F. Alves, and M. J. Halpern, Effect of magnesium deficiency on exercise capacity in rats, Magnesium Res. 2, 136 (1989).
C. Henry, H. C. Lukaski, and H. Forrest, Dietry Magnesium Depletion Affects Metabolic Responses During Submaximal Exercise Postmenopausal Women, American Society for Nutritional Sciences, pp. 930–935 (2002).
F. Abbasciano, F. Levato, and G. M. Reali, Reduction of erythrocyte magnesium concentration in heterozygote beta-thalasaemi subjects submitted to physical stress, Magnesium Res. 1, 213–217 (1998).
A. K. Baltaci, R. Mogulkoc R. B. Üstündagϕ, et al., Kýzlarda bazý hematolojik parametreler ile plazma proteinleri ve serum Çinko, kalsiyum fosfor düzeyleri, Gazi Üniversitesi Beden Egϕitimi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 3, 21–30 (1998) (in Turkish).
F. Özyener, H. Gür, and K. Özlük, Examination of blood cell changes after acute exercise to exhaustion, Sedanter. J. Sport Sci. Hacettepe Univ. 6, 41–46 (1994).
F. J. Navas and C. Cordova, Effect of magnesium supplementation and training on magnesium tissue distribution in rats, Biol. Trace Element Res. 53, 137–145 (1996).
E. Zorba, Fiziksel uygunluk, Gazi Kitapevi, 1, 245 (2001).
K. W. Mercer and J. J. Densmore, Hematological disorders in the athlete, Clin, Sports Med. 24, 599–621 (2005).
K. Spiropoulos and G. Trakada, Hematological and biochemical laboratory parameters before and after a marathon race, Lung 181, 89–95 (2003).
S. Shimbo, Z. W. Zhang, N. Matsuda-Inoguchi, et al., Effects of life away from home and physical exercise on nutrient intake and blood/serum parameters among girl students in Japan, Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 203, 275–286 (2004).
R. Mogulkoc, A. K. Baltaci, B. Üstündagϕ, R. Ozmerdivenli, and M. Kutlu, Effect of sport: some haematological and biochemicals parameters in male sportmen, J. Sports Med. 31, 1–10 (1997).
P. Vogelaere, M. Brasseur, R. Leclercq, and A. Quirion, Hematological variations with submaximal long-term physical exercise, Can. J. Sports Sci. 13, 43–49 (1988).
R. J. Davidson, J. D. Robertson, and R. J. Maughan, Haematological changes due to triathalon competition, Br. J. Sports Med. 20, 159–161 (1986).
D. N. Dickson, R. L. Wilkinson, and T. D. Noakes, Effects of ultra-marathon training and racing on hematologic parameters and serum ferritin levels in well-trained athletes, Int. J. Sports Med. 3, 111–117 (1982).
G. Ricci, M. Masotti, E. De Paoli Vitali, M. Vedovato, and G. Zanotti, Effects of exercise on haematologic parameters, serum iron, serum ferritin, red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and creatine contents, and serum erythropoietin in long-distance runners during basal training, Acta Haematol. 80, 95–98 (1988).
About this article
Cite this article
Cinar, V., Nizamlioglu, M., Mogulkoc, R. et al. Effects of magnesium supplementation on blood parameters of athletes at rest and after exercise. Biol Trace Elem Res 115, 205–212 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02685995
- Blood parameters
- magnesium supplement