Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 115, Issue 3, pp 205–212 | Cite as

Effects of magnesium supplementation on blood parameters of athletes at rest and after exercise

  • Vedat Cinar
  • Mustafa Nizamlioglu
  • Rasim Mogulkoc
  • Abdulkerim Kasim Baltaci


The effects of magnesium supplementation on blood parameters were studied during a period of 4 wk in adult tae-kwon-do athletes at rest and exhaustion. Thirty healthy subjects of ages ranging in age from 18 to 22 yr were included in the study. The subjects were separated into three groups, as follows: Group 1 consisted of subjects who did not train receiving 10 mg/kg/d magnesium. Group 2 included subjects equally supplemented with magnesium and exercising 90–120 min/d for 5 d/wk. Group 3 were subject to the same exercise regime but did not receive magnesium supplements. The leukocyte count (WBC) was significantly higher in groups 1 and 2 than in the subjects who did not receive any supplements (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the WBC of the two groups under magnesium supplementation. The erythrocyte, hemoglobin, and trombocyte levels were significantly increased in all groups (p < 0.05), but the hematocrit levels did not show any differences between the groups although they were increased after supplementation and exercise. These results suggest that magnesium supplementation positively influences the performance of training athletes by increasing erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels.

Index Entries

Blood parameters exercise magnesium supplement rest exhaustion 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. C. Lukaski and F. H. Nielsen, Dietary magnesium depletion affects metabolic responses during sub maximal exercise in postmenopausal women, J. Nutr. 132, 930–935 (2002).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. C. Lukaski, W. W. Bolonchuk, L. Kelvay, D. B. Milne, and H. H. Sandstead, Maximal oxygen consumption as related to magnesium, copper and zinc nutriture, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37, 407–415 (1983).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. H. Bohl and S. L. Volpe, Magnesium and exercise, University of Massachusetts, Department of Nutrition, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 42, 533–563 (2002).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. W. Golf, S. Bender, and J. Gruttner, On the significance of magnesium in extreme physical stress, Cardiovasc. Drugs Ther. 12, 197–202 (1998).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. L. Keen, P. Lowney, M. E. Gershwin, L. S. Hurley and J. S. Stem, Dietary magnesium intake influences exercise capacity and hematological parameters in rats, Metabolism 36, 788–793 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. J. Laires, Y. Rayssiguier, C. Y. Guezennec, F. Alves, and M. J. Halpern, Effect of magnesium deficiency on exercise capacity in rats, Magnesium Res. 2, 136 (1989).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Henry, H. C. Lukaski, and H. Forrest, Dietry Magnesium Depletion Affects Metabolic Responses During Submaximal Exercise Postmenopausal Women, American Society for Nutritional Sciences, pp. 930–935 (2002).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Abbasciano, F. Levato, and G. M. Reali, Reduction of erythrocyte magnesium concentration in heterozygote beta-thalasaemi subjects submitted to physical stress, Magnesium Res. 1, 213–217 (1998).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. K. Baltaci, R. Mogulkoc R. B. Üstündagϕ, et al., Kýzlarda bazý hematolojik parametreler ile plazma proteinleri ve serum Çinko, kalsiyum fosfor düzeyleri, Gazi Üniversitesi Beden Egϕitimi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 3, 21–30 (1998) (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Özyener, H. Gür, and K. Özlük, Examination of blood cell changes after acute exercise to exhaustion, Sedanter. J. Sport Sci. Hacettepe Univ. 6, 41–46 (1994).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. J. Navas and C. Cordova, Effect of magnesium supplementation and training on magnesium tissue distribution in rats, Biol. Trace Element Res. 53, 137–145 (1996).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Zorba, Fiziksel uygunluk, Gazi Kitapevi, 1, 245 (2001).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. W. Mercer and J. J. Densmore, Hematological disorders in the athlete, Clin, Sports Med. 24, 599–621 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Spiropoulos and G. Trakada, Hematological and biochemical laboratory parameters before and after a marathon race, Lung 181, 89–95 (2003).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Shimbo, Z. W. Zhang, N. Matsuda-Inoguchi, et al., Effects of life away from home and physical exercise on nutrient intake and blood/serum parameters among girl students in Japan, Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 203, 275–286 (2004).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Mogulkoc, A. K. Baltaci, B. Üstündagϕ, R. Ozmerdivenli, and M. Kutlu, Effect of sport: some haematological and biochemicals parameters in male sportmen, J. Sports Med. 31, 1–10 (1997).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Vogelaere, M. Brasseur, R. Leclercq, and A. Quirion, Hematological variations with submaximal long-term physical exercise, Can. J. Sports Sci. 13, 43–49 (1988).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. J. Davidson, J. D. Robertson, and R. J. Maughan, Haematological changes due to triathalon competition, Br. J. Sports Med. 20, 159–161 (1986).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. N. Dickson, R. L. Wilkinson, and T. D. Noakes, Effects of ultra-marathon training and racing on hematologic parameters and serum ferritin levels in well-trained athletes, Int. J. Sports Med. 3, 111–117 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Ricci, M. Masotti, E. De Paoli Vitali, M. Vedovato, and G. Zanotti, Effects of exercise on haematologic parameters, serum iron, serum ferritin, red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and creatine contents, and serum erythropoietin in long-distance runners during basal training, Acta Haematol. 80, 95–98 (1988).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vedat Cinar
    • 1
  • Mustafa Nizamlioglu
    • 2
  • Rasim Mogulkoc
    • 3
  • Abdulkerim Kasim Baltaci
    • 3
  1. 1.High School of Physical Education and SportSelcuk UniversityKaramanTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Food Hygiene, Veterinary SchoolSelcuk UniversityKaramanTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Physiology, Meram Medical SchoolSelcuk UniversityKaramanTurkey

Personalised recommendations