Skip to main content

Publishers, United States foreign policy and the third world, 1960–1967

Abstract

One phase of the United States government's attempts to counteract the Soviet psychological offensive in the 1960s was the forging of a partnership with U.S. publishers. Within that framework, the United States government rectified its tainted record on the international flow of information by legislating the Florence and Beirut Agreements; revised its attitude towards international copyright legislation, sorted out issues confronting the American book industry abroad, and consolidated U.S. government agencies' book activities. The aggregate activities unfolding within that banner culminated in the United States' adoption of the National Policy on International Book and Library Activities in 1967—a policy which was never fully implemented. Those 1960s initiatives constitute a framework for formulating a post-Cold War cultural relations policy.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Albert, Leo. (1967).Berne Protocol: Problems and recommendations. New York: American Book Publishers Council & American Textbook Publishers Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Albright, Robert, C. (1967). USIA's Media Guaranty Program dies in Senate anti-aid flareup.The Washington Post. 13 June, A19.

  3. American ideas abroad:The Information Media Guaranty (IMG) Program. (1960). New York: American Book Publishers Council & American Textbook Publishers Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Barker, Ronald E. (1967). The Stockholm Conference.The Bookseller 8 July: 68–72.

  5. — (1969).Copyright at the crossroads: An international dilemma. Bedford Square, London: The Publishers Association.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Barnes, James J. (1974).Authors publishers and politicians: The quest for an Anglo-American copyright agreement 1915–1954. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Beirut Agreement legislation, (1966). House of Representatives 89th Congress, 2nd Session (Report No. 1780) Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 28 July.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bessie, Simon M. (1988). The free flow of ideas: A proposal for an international book institute.ALA Bulletin March: 249–252.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Book publishing in the U.S.S.R.: A report of the delegation of U.S. book publishers visiting U.S.S.R., August 20–September 17 1962. (1962). New York, N.Y.: American Book Publishers Council & American Textbook Publishers Institute.

  10. Book Publishing in the U.S.S.R.: Report of the delegation of the U.S. book publishers visiting the U.S.S.R., October 21–November 4, 1970; August 20–September 17, 1962. (1970). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Unviersity Press.

  11. Behrstock, Julian. (1967).Statement by Julian Behrstock, Head Division of Free Flow of Information, UNESCO to the Government Advisory Committee on International Book Programs. Washington D.C., GAC. 12 January.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Brauer, Carl M. (1982). Kennedy, Johnson and the war on poverty.The Journal of American History 69(1): 98–119.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Cole, John, ed. (1981).U.S. international book programs 1981. Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Commonwealth Secretariat. (1974).Copyright in the developing countries. Marlborough House: London.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Coombs, Philip H. (1964).The fourth dimension of foreign policy: Educational and cultural affairs. New York: Harper and Row.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Costigliola, Frank. (1984).Awkward dominion: American political, economic, and cultural relations with Europe. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Department of State Bulletin. (1962–1967). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  18. Espinosa, Manuel. (1976).Inter-American beginnings of U.S. cultural diplomacy, 1936–1948. (Publication No. 044-000-01620-6). Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Frankel Charles. (1966).The neglected aspects of foreign affairs: American educational and cultural policy abroad. Washington, D.C., The Brookings Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  20. —. (1969).High on the foggy bottom: An outsiders' view of the government. New York: Harper and Row.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Florence Agreement Implementation Legislation. (1966). House of Representatives 89th Congress, 2nd session. (Report No. 1779). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 28 July.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Frase, Robert. (1965). Florence and Sam: A long engagement. Quill and Quire.The Magazine of the Canadian Book Trade. Canada. March–April: “n.p.”.

  23. GAC. (Government Advisory Committee on International Book and Library Activities).Minutes of Meetings: 1962–1977. The American Library Association Archives, Urbana Illinois; The USIA Historical Collections, Washington D.C.; The Fulbright Papers, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.

  24. Gardner, Richard N. (1983). Selling America in the market place of ideas.New York Time, 20 March, 44.

  25. Graham, Gordon, (1961). A frustrated ambassador: The American textbook abroad.International Development Review. June, “n.p”.

  26. Henggeler, Paul R. (1989).Lyndon Johnson and the Kennedy “Mystique” PhD. diss., Bowling Green State University, Dissertation Abstract International, 51, AAC9106606.

  27. Information Media Guarantee Program. Background, origin, subsequent changes, purpose, participation, & scope of operations. American Library Association Archives, University of Illinois, Urbana. “n.d.”

  28. Information Media Guaranty Program (1967). Senate 90th Congress 1st Session (Report No. 234) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 16.

    Google Scholar 

  29. International Copyright Documents: Statement of the United States declaration. December 13, 1967. (1967). American Book Publishers Council Inc., American Textbook Institute 11, (13): December 29, 1–6.

  30. International Copyright: Needs of developing countries. (1966). (Symposium). Government of India: Ministry of Education.

  31. Kaser, David. (1969).Book Pirating in Taiwan. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.: The University of Pennsylvania Press.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Lyndon, Johnson B. (1965). White House Press Release. Washington D.C., Government Printing Office. 1. June.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Most, Harry R. (1966).Report of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Meeting of experts on book production and distribution in Asia. Tokyo: Japan. 24 June.

  34. Obiozor, George. (1992).Uneasy friendship: Nigerian-American relations. New Haven, Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishing Cooperation.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Price, Paxton, ed. (1982)International book and library activities: The history of a U.S. policy. Metuchen, New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Public Papers of the Presidents. (1964–1966) Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  37. PL-480 program in India: Devaluation of Indian rupee. (1966). Washington D.C.: United States Information Agency. 23 June.

  38. Preston, William, Jr., Edward, Harman S., & Herbert, Schiller I. (1989).Hope & folly: The United States and UNESCO, 1945–1985. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota, Press.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Reith, D. (1982). Indo-American cooperation in librarianship.International Library Review 14:263–281.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Schlesinger, James. (1993). Quest for a post Cold-War foreign policy: A framework is needed.Foreign Affairs Journal. 2(1), 17–29.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Shepard, Robert B. (1991).Nigeria, Africa, and the United States: From Kennedy to Reagan. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Toth, Robert C. (1994). In search of a foreign policy.Foreign Service Journal. January: 31–35.

    Google Scholar 

  43. UNESCO. (1966).Meeting of experts on book production and distribution in Asia. Paris: UNESCO, 25–31 May.

    Google Scholar 

  44. —. (1966).Meeting of experts on book production and distribution in Asia, Final Report UNESCO/MC/55. Paris: UNESCO, 16 September.

    Google Scholar 

  45. —. (1968).Meeting of Experts on book development in Africa, Final Report COM/CS/68/3/7. Paris: UNESCO, 25 April.

    Google Scholar 

  46. —. (1969).Meeting of experts on book development in Latin America, Final Report COM/MD/10. Paris: UNESCO, 15 December.

    Google Scholar 

  47. —. (1969a).A guide to the operation of the agreement on the implementation of educational, scientific and cultural materials: Florence Agreement. Paris: UNESCO.

    Google Scholar 

  48. —. (1972).Meeting of experts on book development in the Arab countries, Final Report COM/MD/23). Paris: UNESCO, 28 July.

    Google Scholar 

  49. USIA-supported textbooks in India. (1967). Washington D.C.: United States Information Agency, 14 August.

  50. USIA textbook programs. (1967). Washington, D.C.: United States Information Agency, 19 June.

  51. U.S. Joins Florence and Beirut Agreements. (1966).U.S. National Commission for UNESCO Newsletter 13 (10): “n.p”

  52. Wallop, Malcolm. (1993). America needs a Post Containment Doctrine.Obris 37(2):187–201.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Welles, Benjamin. (1967). Fulbright censors U.S.I.A. aid to books.New York Times. 1. 22 March.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rosemary Ntumnyuy Mokia.

Additional information

Rosemary Ntumnyuy Mokia earned a Ph.D in Library and Information Science from Indiana University. She has worked as a librarian at the University of Yaounde Library (Cameroon, West Africa) and is currently an acquisitions librarian at Grambling State University.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mokia, R.N. Publishers, United States foreign policy and the third world, 1960–1967. Publishing Research Quarterly 11, 36–51 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02680425

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cultural Relation
  • Book Trade
  • Book Industry
  • Berne Convention
  • Indian Rupee