Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 77–86 | Cite as

The grain size dependence of flow and fracture in a Cr-Mn-N austenitic steel from 300 to 1300K

  • V. Kutumba Rao
  • D. M. R. Taplin
  • P. Rama Rao
Mechanical Behaviour


The influence of polycrystal grain size in the range 18 µm to 184 µm on the tensile behavior of an austenitic stainless steel containing by wt pct 21 Cr, 14 Mn, 0.68 N and 0.12 C has been investigated over the temperature range 298 to 1273 K. Decreasing grain size has been shown to increase the flow stress at small strains in accordance with the Hall-Petch relationship at temperatures up to 873 K. The variation of the Hall-Petch constants with temperature is influenced by dynamic strain ageing between 575 and 775 K. Above 875 K, especially at low strain-rates a reversal of the Hall-Petch correlation occurs and the flow stress decreases with decreasing grain size. The relationship between ductility and temperature is marked by a minimum ductility at about half the absolute melting temperature and intergranular cavitation is observed. A decrease in grain size generally enhanced the ductility in this temperature regime whilst at fine grain sizes this trend was reversed. These results are explained in terms of a combination of a Griffith-Orowan type fracture criterion and an intergranular void sheet mechanism of fracture.


Ductility Metallurgical Transaction Flow Stress Austenitic Stainless Steel Dynamic Strain Aging 
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Copyright information

© American Society for Metals, The Melallurgical Society of AIME 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Kutumba Rao
    • 1
  • D. M. R. Taplin
    • 2
  • P. Rama Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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