Advertisement

Atomic Energy

, Volume 86, Issue 5, pp 326–336 | Cite as

Neutron research at st. petersburg nuclear physics institute

  • K. A. Konoplev
  • V. A. Nazarenko
  • A. I. Okorokov
  • Yu. V. Petrov
  • A. P. Serebrov
On The 275th Anniversary of The Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract

The paper discusses neutron research at the B. P. Konstantinov St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute in connection with the anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Brief results are presented on fundamental and nuclear physics and on the physics of the condensed state. Data are given on the VVR-M research reactor and on the PIK-high-flux reactor under construction.

Keywords

Research Reactor Cold Neutron Petersburg Nuclear Physic Institute Ultracold Neutron Neutron Guide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B. Kourchatov, I. Kourchatov, L. Myssowsky, and L. Roussinov,Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.,200 (1935). In: I. V. Kurchatov,Nuclear Power for the Good of Humanity, Atomizdat, Moscow (1978), pp. 191–193; I. V. Kurchatov and L. I. Rusinov, “Nuclide isomerism,”ibid., pp. 287–304.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. I. Rusinov and G. N. Flerov, “Experiments on uranium fission,”Izv. AN SSSR,4, Issue 2, 310–314 (1940).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. A. Petrzhak and G. N. Flerov, “Spontaneous fission in uranium,”Dokl. AN,8, Issue 6, 500–501 (1940).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. A. Konoplev, R. G. Pikulik, L. I. Rusinov, et al., “Critical experiments on the VVR-M tester,” in:Papers at the International Conference on Reactor Physics and Engineering in Bucharest [in Russian], OIYaI (1961), 112 pp.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. M. Kaminker, K. A. Konoplev, Yu. V. Petrov, and R. G. Pikulik, “Operation of the VVR-M critical assembly,” in:Exponential and Critical Experiments, Vol. II., IAEA, Vienna (1964), p. 197.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. M. Kaminker and K. A. Konoplev, “The VVR-M reactor at Gatchina has operated for 10 years,”At. Énerg.,27, Issue 6, 583–584 (1969).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. N. Erykalov and Yu. V. Petrov, “Parameters characterizing reactors for physics research,”ibid.,25, Issue 1, 52 (1968); Yu. V. Petrov, “Choosing the parameters of a reactor for physics reseach,”Preprint LIYaF-802 (1982).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yu. V. Petrov, “Resonant absorption in closely spaced small blocks,”At. Énerg.,2, Issue 4, 357 (1957).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. A. Garusov and Yu. V. Petrov, “A few-group model for moderation in water-aluminum cores,”ibid.,,32 Issue 3, 225 (1972); “Moderation-function moments and few-group models for water-metal mixtures,”36, Issue 2, 143 (1974).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. G. Ashrapov, E. A. Garusov, V. V. Gostev, et al., “A few-group model for reactors of VVR-M type,”Preprint FTI-152 (1986); V. I. Gudkov, V. I. Didenko, G. R. Dik, et al., “Critical-mass measurement for VVR-M fuel-pin assemblies,”At. Énerg.,72, issue 4, 400–404 (1992).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. R. Dik, A. N. Erykalov, and Yu. V. Petrov, “Accuracy of a few-group model for calculating the critical mass for the VVR-M,”ibid.,75, Issue 2, 83–87 (1993).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yu. V. Petrov and E. G. Sakhnovsky, “On the boundary perturbation theory as applied to nuclear reactors,”Nucl. Sci. Eng.,90, 1–12 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. N. Erykalov and Yu. V. Petrov, “Optimizing the fuel pins for the VVR-M reactor,”Preprint LIYaF-435 (1978);Heat-Producing Assemblies in a Physical Research Reactor, Authors' Certificate No. 743452, 28.02.1980, with priority 10.08.1978.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. N. Erykalov, V. S. Zvezdkin, G. A. Kirsanov, et al., “Thin-walled VVR-M5 fuel pins for research reactors,”At. Énerg.,60, Issue 2, 103 (1986).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. A. Enin, A. N. Erykalov, G. A. Kirsanov, et al., “Design and experience of HEU and LEU fuel for WWR-M reactors,”Nucl. Eng. Design,182, 233–240 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. S. Altarev, N. V. Borovikova, A. P. Bulkin, et al., “A universal liquid-hydrogen source of polarized cold and ultracold neutrons on the VVR-M reactor at the Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute,”Pis'ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,44, Issue 6, 269 (1986).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. M. Kaminker, K. A. Konoplev, Yu. P. Semenov, and V. D. Trenin, “Reducing radioactive discharges to the atmosphere from the VVR-M reactor,”At. Énerg.,19, Issue 6, 517 (1965).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. M. Lobashev, V. A. Nazarenko, L. F. Saenko, et al., “A study on parity nonconservation in the γ decay of181Ta and175Lu,”Yad. Fiz.,13, 555 (1971); V. M. Lobashev, N. A. Lozovoi, V. A. Nazarenko, et al., “Parity nonconservation in the decay of41K,”ibid. Yad. Fiz.,15, 1142 (1972).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. A. Knyazkov, E. A. Kolomensky, V. M. Lobashev, et al.,Nucl. Phys. A,417, 209 (1984);Preprint LIYaF-835 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. M. Lobashev, L. A. Popeko, L. M. Smotritskii, et al.,Pis'ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,14, 373 (1971).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. A. Kolomensky, V. M. Lobashev, A. N. Pirozhkov, et al. “Observation of parity violating effects in the polarized thermal neutron total and radiative capture cross section117Sn and139La,”Phys. Lett. B,107, No. 4, 272–274 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. A. Vesna, É. A. Kolomenskii, V. M. Lobashev, et al., “Observation of spatial parity nonconservation effects in the integral γ-ray spectra from (n, γ) reactions on Cl, Br, Cd, Sn, and La,”Pis'ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,36, Issue 5, 169–172 (1982).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. I. Antonov, V. A. Vesna, Yu. M. Gledenev, et al., “A study ofP-even andP-odd angular correlations in the35Cl(n, p)135S and14N(n, p)14C reactions,”Yad. Fiz. 48, Issue 2 (8), 305–311 (1988).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. V. Val'skii, T. L. Zvezdkina, D. V. Nikolaev, et al., “Dependence of the 3-odd asymmetry in233U fission fragment escape on neutron energy,”ibid.,39, 276–280 (1984).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. P. Serebrov, A. K. Petukhov, G. V. Val'skii, et al., “The neutron spin precession effect near thep-wave resonance in139La,”Pis'ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,62, 529–534 (1995).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    I. S. Altarev, Yu. V. Borisov, N. V. Borovikova, et al.,Phys. Lett. B276, 242 (1992).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. G. Erozolimskii, I. A. Kuznetsov, I. A. Kuida, et al., “Measurement of neutron emission asymmetry in relation to spin direction for a decaying neutron,”Yad. Fiz.,52, Issue 6 (12), 1583–1594 (1990).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. V. Nesvizhevskii, A. P. Serebrov, and R. R. Tal'daev, “Neutron lifetime measurement by means of a gravitational trap and experimental error analysis,”Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,75, No. 3, 405–412 (1992).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    I. A. Kuznetsov, A. P. Serobrov, I. V. Stepanenko, et al., “Measurements of the antineutrino spin asymmetry in beta decay of the neutron and distributions on the mass ofA right-handed gauge boson,”Phys. Rev. Lett.,75, 794–797 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. P. Serebrov, “Neutron β-decay today and its studies, at PNPI, Gatchina,”Neutron News,4, 16–20 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yu. V. Petrov, “The scope for researching compound-nucleus levels in the interactions of slow neutrons with isomers,”Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,37, Issue 4, 1170–1171 (1959); “Acceleration of neutrons by isomeric nuclei,”Ann. Phys. 3(2), 118–134 (1994).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    I. A. Kondurov, E. M. Korotkikh, and Yu. V. Petrov, “Thermal-neutron acceleration by152mEu isomeric nuclei,”Pis'ma Zh. Éksp. Teor. Fiz.,31, Issue 4, 254–255 (1980);Phys. Lett. B,106, No. 5, 384–385 (1981).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. A. Vorobjov, et al.,Phys. Lett. B,40, 102 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. V. Maleev, in:Aspects of Modern Theoretical Physics [in Russian], Naukova Dumka, Kiev (1982), pp. 130–139.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    G. M. Drabkin, A. I. Okorokov, and A. F. Shchebetov, “A polarizing mirror,” Authors' Certificate 437470,Byull. Izobret., No. 25 (1975).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. M. Agamslyan, G. M. Drabkin, and V. I. Sbitnev,Phys. Rep.,168, No. 5, 265–303 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    A. I. Egorov, V. M. Lobashev, V. A. Nazarenko, et al., “Production, storage, and polarization of ultracold neutrons,”Yad. Fiz.,79 (2), 300–310 (1974); S. V. Grigoriev, V. V. Runov, A. I. Okorokov, et al.,Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res.,A389, 441–446 (1977).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. V. Grigoriev, A. I. Okorokov, and V. V. Runov,ibid., “Production, storage, and polarization of ultracold neutrons,”Yad. Fiz.,A 384, 451–456.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    S. V. Maleev and A. I. Okorokov,Priroda, No. 10, 46–56 (1986).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. V. Lazuta, S. V. Maleyev, and B. P. Toperverg,Phys. Lett.,65A, No. 4, 348 (1978).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. Kawamura,J. Phys. Soc. Jap.,61, 1299 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    V. A. Trunov, A. L. Malyshev, D. Yu. Chernyshov, et al.,J. Appl. Cryst.,24, 142–145 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Th. Brueckel, B. Dorner, A. G. Gukasov, et al.,Zeit. für Phys. B,72, No. 4, 474 (1988).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    V. P. Plakhty, S. V. Maleyev, P. Burlet, et al., “spin-flop transition in Pr2CuO4 by neutron diffraction,”Phys. Lett.,A250, 201–204 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    V. P. Plakhty, A. Stratilatov, Yu. Chernenkov, et al.,Sol. Stat. Comm.,84, 639 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    G. P. Akselrod, G. P. Gordeev, V. N. Zabenkin et al.,Phys. C,221, 219 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. F. Konopleva et al.,Trudy SFKhT,221, No. 6, 568 (1993).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. I. Kurbakov, V. A. Trunov, R. P. Dmitriev, et al., “γ-diffraction studies on the structural perfection of single crystals: Methods and apparatus,”Preprint PIYaF-1307 (1987).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. N. Erykalov, M. L. Kozhukh, Yu. V. Petrov, and V. A. Trunov, “Reactor choice for neutron doping of silicon,”Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz.,7, Issue 11, 688–691 (1981).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    A. N. Erykalov, E. I. Ignatenko, M. L. Kozhukh, et al., “Neutron doping of silicon on RBMK-1000 reactors,”At. Énerg.,65, Issue 1, 24–28 (1988).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    A. N. Erykalov, D. M. Kaminker, K. A. Konoplev, and Yu. V. Petrov, “The PIK reactor for physics research,” in:The Physics of Nuclear Reactors, Vol. 3 [in Russian], Melekess (1966), pp. 273–280; “Choice of the basic parameters for the PIK physics research reactor,”Preprint FTI-153 (1968).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    M. S. Onegin and Yu. V. Petrov, “Calculations on PIK critical assemblies, Part 1,”Preprint PIYaF-2169 (1997).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    A. N. Erykalov, O. A. Kolesnichenko, K. A. Konoplev, et al., “The PIK reactor,”Preprint PIYaF-1784 (1992).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. P. Serebrov, “High flux reactor PIK and the associated research program,”Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 284, 212–215 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    A. I. Okorokov, “Research program at LNPI high-flux reactor PIK,”Physica B,174, 443–450 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    V. A. Nazarenko, “The PIK high-flux research reactor: Status and prospects”Preprint PIYaF (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. Konoplev
  • V. A. Nazarenko
  • A. I. Okorokov
  • Yu. V. Petrov
  • A. P. Serebrov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations