Effect of the composition of radiation on the radiation damage to graphite
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A statistical analysis is performed of the results on the determination of the critical neutron fluence in MR, SM-2, and BOR-60 with different irradiation temperature. It is shown that the critical neutron fluence depends not only on the irradiation temperature but also, and to an even greater extent, on the radiation composition factor (ratio of the neutron and γ-ray flux densities). Thus the critical neutron fluence for irradiation at 600°C in MR (radiation composition factor 0.13) is 17·1021 cm−2 and in SM-2 (radiation composition factor 0.1) 11·1021 cm−2 at the same temperature. When the same graphite is irradiated in the region of the outer corner of a working block of RBMK, where the radiation composition factor is 0.55, it is expected that the critical neutron fluence will be 31.7·1021 cm−2.
In summary, taking account of the effect of γ-radiation introduces substantial corrections: the experimental results obtained in research reactors are found to be at least a factor of 2 too low. This gives hope of substantiating the substantial increase in the service life of the RBMK graphite masonry. 3 figures, 8 references.
KeywordsFlux Density Irradiation Temperature Research Reactor Neutron Fluence Spectator Sample
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