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Atomic Energy

, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp 243–253 | Cite as

From laboratory no. 2 of the USSR Academy of sciences to the Russian Science Center “Kurchatov Institute”

  • I. N. Golovin
  • N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi
  • L. L. Sokolovskii
On the 275th Anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

A detailed exposition of the history of the creation and development and the present status of one of the leading nuclear centers in the world—the Kurchatov Institute—is presented.

The Institute was created in April 1943 during the height of the Second World War to solve a military problem —the development of nuclear weapons in our country. Having solved the basic problem in a relatively short time, the Kurchatov Institute switched to utilizing its powerful atomic potential to solve a wide range of scientific, technological and industrial problems in various fields of science and technology. The development of nuclear power and the utilization of atomic energy in various media—air, oceans, and space—as well as the development of thermonuclear studies and very important fundamental studies in various fields of modern science are all happening here. Using its unique scientific potential, the Kurchatov Institute has been able to establish the starting points everywhere.

Keywords

Uranium Plutonium Nuclear Power Plant Fuel Element Kurchatov Institute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. N. Golovin
  • N. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi
  • L. L. Sokolovskii

There are no affiliations available

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