Research on serum levels of retinol, α-tocopherol β-carotene, and 12 elements in gastric dysplasia and gastric cancer patients
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Serum levers of retinol, α-tocopherol, β-carotene and elements (Zn, Cu, Mn, Ca, Mg, Cr, Co, Cd, Mo, Se) were determined in 45 gastric cancer and 41 gastric dysplasia patients, and 48 normal subjects. The results showed that β-carotene and Se, Co were lower in gastric cancer patients than that in gastric dysplasia patients or in normal subjects, Ni and Cr levels were lower and Mn, Ca and Cd were higher in gastric cancer than in dysplasia patients. Zn, Fe, Cr, Cd were lower and Mn, Ca, Mg, Mo levels were higher in gastric cancer patients than in normal. The differences mentioned are statistically significant. The stepwise discriminant analysis of 10 variables (Mn, Fe, Ca, Cr, Mo, Co, Cd, Se, α-tocophrol, β-carotene) were used in identifying gastric cancer, with 100% of the positive rate. The potential protective effect of β-carotene and Se against gastric cancer is an interesting postulate. We suggest that optimum supplement of β-carotene and Se might will be beneficial to gastric dysplasia patients in preventing the development of gastric cancer.
Key wordsGastric cancer Gastric dysplasia β-carotene Selenium
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