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Left coronary ostial obstruction after aortic valve replacement with a supra-annular aortic valve

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We report a rare case of left coronary ostial obstruction after aortic valve replacement with a Top Hat supra-annular aortic valve, which was diagnosed with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography and successfully treated with an unplanned coronary bypass. The patient was a 76-year-old woman (height 143 cm, weight 44 kg) with aortic stenosis and regurgitation. A 19-mm Top Hat valve was implanted in the supra-annular position because of a small aortic annulus. There was a possibility that the high profile of this prosthesis might block the left coronary ostium. There may be a problem with the use of this prosthesis in patients with small and rigid aortic roots with little compliance. Although the Top Hat valve has a great advantage for small aortic annuli, care in its use should be taken due to possible interference with the coronary ostia. (Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 54:199-202)

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Matsuzaki, K., Unno, H., Konishi, T. et al. Left coronary ostial obstruction after aortic valve replacement with a supra-annular aortic valve. Jpn J Thorac Caridovasc Surg 54, 199–202 (2006).

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