Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 1305–1310 | Cite as

Ledgewlse vaporization

  • Z. A. Munir
The Role of Ledges in Phase Transformations


Ledge formation and migration during evaporation were investigated for cleaved single crystals of alkali halides. The dependence of ledge velocity on ledge separation was determined, providing direct confirmation for the Burton, Cabrera, and Frank6 (BCF) theory for the case of evaporation. The effect of an externally applied electric field on the velocity of ledges is discussed, and the influence of impurities on the surface topography of evaporated crystals is shown.


Metallurgical Transaction Screw Dislocation Alkali Halide NaC1 Crystal Shaped Hole 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, and ASM International 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. A. Munir
    • 1
  1. 1.College of EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaDavis

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