Advertisement

The effect of alcohol on the responses of sexually coercive and noncoercive men to an experimental rape analogue

  • Brian P. Marx
  • Alan M. Gross
  • Henry E. Adams
Clinical And Research Articles

Abstract

This study examined the impact of the psychological and pharmacological effects of alcohol on the ability of sexually coercive and noncoercive men to discriminate when a female wants a partner to stop sexual advances. In a 2 (alcohol vs. no alcohol) × 2 (expectancy vs. no expectancy) × 2 (sexually coercive vs. noncoercive status) randomized factorial design, male college students were exposed to an audiotape of a date rape. Participants who consumed, or expected to consume, alcohol took significantly longer to determine that the man should refrain from attempting further sexual contact. In addition, nonsexually coercive participants assigned to conditions in which they expected to consume alcohol responded similarly to their sexually coercive counterparts in their responses. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Key words

alcohol expectancy sexual coercion disinhibition 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barbaree, H. E., Marshall, W. L., Yates, E., & Lightfoot, L. O. (1983). Alcohol intoxication and deviant sexual arousal in male social drinkers.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 365–373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barling, J., & Fincham, F. (1980). Alcohol, psychological conservatism, and sexual interest in male social drinkers.Journal of Social Psychology, 112, 135–144.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bernat, J. A., Stolp, S., Calhoun, K. S., & Adams, H. E. (1997). Construct validity of a date rape decision latency measure.Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 19, 315–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blader, J. C., & Marshall, W. L. (1989). Is assessment of sexual arousal in rapists worthwhile? A critique of current methods and the development of a response compatibility approach.Clinical Psychology Review, 9, 569–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Briddell, D. W., Rimm, D. C., Caddy, G. R., Krawitz, G., Sholis, D., & Wunderlin, R. J. (1978). Effects of alcohol and cognitive set on sexual arousal to deviant stimuli.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 418–430.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burt, M. R. (1980). Cultural myths and supports for rape.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 217–230.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burt, M. R. (1991). Rape myths and acquaintance rape. In A. Parrot & L. Bechhofer (Eds.),Acquaintance rape: The hidden crime (pp. 26–40). New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Check, J. V. P., & Malamuth, N. M. (1984). Can there be positive effects of participation in pornography experiments?Journal of Sex Research, 20, 14–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer.Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155–159.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Crowe, L. C., & George, W. H. (1989). Alcohol and human sexuality: Review and integration.Psychological Bulletin, 105, 374–386.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Farkas, G., & Rosen, R. C. (1976). The effects of ethanol on male sexual arousal.Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 37, 265–272.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. George, W. H., & Marlatt, G. A. (1986). The effects of alcohol and anger on interest in violence, erotica, and deviance.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 150–158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. George, W. H., Derman, K. H., & Nochajski, T. H. (1989). Expectancy set, self-reported expectancies and predispositional traits: Predicting interest in violence and erotica.Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 50, 541–551.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hall, G. C. N. (1989). Sexual arousal and arousability in a sexual offender population.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 145–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hall, G. C. N., & Hirschman, R. (1994). The relationship between men’s sexual aggression inside and outside the laboratory.Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 62, 375–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hull, J. G., & Bond, C. F., Jr. (1986). Social and behavioral consequences of alcohol consumption and expectancy: A meta-analysis.Psychological Bulletin, 99, 347–360.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koss, M. P., Gidycz, C. A., & Wisniewski, N. (1987). The scope of rape: Incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of students in higher education.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 162–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lang, A. R., Searles, J., Lauerman, R., & Adesso, V. (1980). Expectancy, alcohol, and sex guilt as determinants of interest in and reaction to sexual stimuli.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89, 644–653.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Malamuth, N. M. (1988). Predicting laboratory aggression against female and male targets: Implications for sexual aggression.Journal of Research in Personality, 22, 474–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Marlatt, G. A., & Rohsenow, D. J. (1980). Cognitive processes in alcohol use: Expectancy and the balanced placebo design. In N. K. Mello (Ed.),Advances in substance abuse: Behavioral and biological research (pp. 159–199). Greenwich, CT.: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  21. Marlatt, G. A., Demming, B., & Reid, J. (1973). Loss of control drinking in alcoholics: An experimental analogue.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81, 233–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Marx, B. P., & Gross, A. M. (1995). Date rape: An analysis of two contextual variables.Behavior Modification, 19, 451–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Marx, B. P., Gross, A. M., & Juergens, J. P. (1997). The effects of alcohol consumption and expectancies in an experimental date rape analogue.Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 19, 281–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Muehlenhard, C. L., & Linton, M. A. (1987). Date rape and sexual aggression in dating situations: Incidence and risk factors.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 186–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Seto, M. C., & Barbaree, H. E. (1995). The role of alcohol in sexual aggression.Clinical Psychology Review, 15, 545–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Steele, C. M., & Josephs, R. A. (1990). Alcohol myopia: Its prized and dangerous effects.American Psychologist, 45, 921–933.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Steele, C. M., & Southwick, L. (1985). Alcohol and social behavior: 1. The psychology of drunken excess.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 18–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wilson, G. T. (1981). The effects of alcohol on human sexual behavior. In N. Mello (Ed.),Advances in substance abuse, Vol. 2 (pp. 1–40). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  29. Wilson, G. T., & Lawson, D. M. (1976). Expectancies, alcohol, and sexual arousal in male social drinkers.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 609–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wincze, J. P., Venditti, E., Barlow, D., & Mavissakalian, M. (1980). The effects of a subjective monitoring task on the physiological measure of genital response to erotic stimulation.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 9, 533–545.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wydra, A., Marshall, W. L., Earls, C. M., & Barbaree, H. E. (1983). Identification of cues and control of sexual arousal by rapists.Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21, 469–476.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian P. Marx
    • 1
  • Alan M. Gross
    • 2
  • Henry E. Adams
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOklahoma State UniversityStillwater
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MississippiUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaUSA

Personalised recommendations