Complete process of rock failure and the complete course of seismogeny
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Based on the analysis about the law of deformation rate, the concepts of the deformation rate of precursor, and its stress drop, and the stress drop of instability are discussed. According to the obtained deformationu 0 corresponding to the maximum stress, the unstable pointu 1 and the stable pointu 2 of equilibrium, the complete process of rock failure can be divided into four stages quantitatively, corresponding to “the steady stage I”, “the precursor stage II”, “the unstable stage III” and “the later stage IV” of rock failure respectively, which can be used to simulate the complete course of earthquake. This kind of similarity between the complete process of rock failure and the complete course of earthquake suggests clearly the direction to reveal the law being of universal significance for the simulation of the earthquake in the laboratory experiments.
KeywordsDeformation Rate Stress Drop Rock Burst ACTA SEISMOLOGICA SINICA Rock Specimen
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