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Void formation during tensile testing of dual phase steels

Abstract

The effects of martensite volume fraction (MVF) and strain state on necking behavior, post-uniform elongation, and the nucleation and growth of voids in thin sheet dual phase steel, strained in tension, were investigated. Steel containing, in weight percent, 0.08C, 1.45Mn, and 0.21Si, was cold rolled 50 pct and intercritically annealed to produce dual phase microstructures. The effects of MVF were evaluated with a series of constant geometry tensile samples with martensite volume fractions between 5 and 40 pct. The effects of strain state within the neck were evaluated with a series of constant thickness samples with 20 pct MVF and with width variations between 3 and 25 mm. A transition from diffuse to localized necking, as well as a decrease in post-uniform elongation, occurred with both an increase in MVF and sample width. Metallographic analysis of deformed samples revealed that the void nucleation occurs primarily at martensite particles by three distinct mechanisms. The void size and density in the necked region increased toward the fracture surface in all samples and the void density was significantly higher for the samples which exhibited localized necking. However, independent of neck geometry, voids were nucleated uniformly throughout the samples, and were associated with the martensite. The difference in void size and density between the samples with different necking behavior indicates that void growth is a consequence of the strain gradient while the shape of the voids depends on both the strain state and strain gradient. The implications of the void structure analysis are interpreted based on the dual phase microstructure.

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Formerly Graduate Research Assistant, Colorado School of Mines.

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Steinbrunner, D.L., Matlock, D.K. & Krauss, G. Void formation during tensile testing of dual phase steels. Metall Mater Trans A 19, 579–589 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02649272

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02649272

Keywords

  • Martensite
  • Strain Gradient
  • Void Growth
  • Dual Phase Steel
  • Void Nucleation