Metallurgical Transactions

, Volume 4, Issue 9, pp 2039–2044 | Cite as

Cavitation at grain and phase boundaries during superplastic flow of an aluminum bronze

  • G. L. Dunlop
  • E. Shapiro
  • D. M. R. Taplin
  • J. Crane
Mechanical Behavior


Cavities have been observed to form at grain and phase boundaries under certain strain rate conditions during superplastic tensile deformation of a Cu-9.5 pct Al-4 pct Fe aluminum-bronze. The cavities form preferentially at α interfaces or triple junctions involving both phases. The process of cavitation is associated with grain boundary sliding and cavity nucleation probably occurs at points of stress concentration in the sliding interfaces. The ductility is not markedly impaired by the cavities because the high strain-rate sensitivity of the material inhibits the interlinkage of cavities at high strains. A range of strains and strain rates for superplastic forming processes has been determined at which the volume fraction of cavities present was tolerable.


Cavitation Triple Junction Metallurgical Transaction Volume Cavity Growth Strain Rate Range 
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Copyright information

© American Society for Metals, The Melallurgical Society of AIME 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. L. Dunlop
    • 1
  • E. Shapiro
    • 2
  • D. M. R. Taplin
    • 3
  • J. Crane
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgy and Materials ScienceUniversity of CambridgeEngland
  2. 2.Metals Research LaboratoriesOlin CorporationNew Haven
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterloo, OntarioCanada

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