Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society

, Volume 50, Issue 12, pp 509–512

Soap based detergent formulations. V. Amphoteric lime soap dispersing agents

  • N. Parris
  • J. K. Weil
  • W. M. Linfield
Technical

Abstract

A series of amphoteric surfactants was prepared by the reaction of 1,3-propanesultone with fat derived primary amines, N-methylalkylamines, N,N-dimethylalkylamines, and N-acyl-N′,N′-dimethyl-1,3-propanediamines. Both mono- and disulfopropylated derivatives of the primary amines were synthesized. All compounds were found to be excellent lime soap dispersing agents. The quaternary sulfobetaines were found to possess the best detergency properties both by themselves and when formulated with tallow soap with or without sodium silicate builder. The detergency performance of such formulations is ca. the same as that of a commercial phosphate-built detergent.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bistline, R.G., Jr., W.R. Noble, J.K. Weil and W.M. Linfield, JAOCS 49:63 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Noble, W.R., R.G. Bistline, Jr., and W.M. Linfield, Soap Cosmet. Chem. Spec. 48:38 (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weil, J.K., F.D. Smith and W.M. Linfield, JAOCS 49:383 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Linfield, W.M., P.G. Abend and G.A. Davis, Ibid. 40:114 (1963).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Parris, N., J.K. Weil and W.M. Linfield, Ibid. 49:649 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hirai, H., Y. Ishikawa, K. Suga and S. Watanabe, Yukagaku 15:469 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Suga, K., T. Miyashige, K. Takada, S. Watanabe and M. Moriyama, Aust. J. Chem. 21:2333 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ernst, R., U.S. Patent 3,280,179 (1966).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hirst, D.G.S., U.S. Patent 3,660,470 (1972).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Foglia, T.A., and G. Maerker, JAOCS 46:391 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Borghetty, H.C. and C.A. Bergman, JAOCS 27:88 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Demarcq, M., and D. Dervichian, Bull. Soc. Chim. 12:939 (1945).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wilkes, B.G., and J.N. Wickert, Ind. Eng. Chem. 29:1234 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The American Oil Chemists' Society 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Parris
    • 1
  • J. K. Weil
    • 1
  • W. M. Linfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Eastern Regional Research LaboratoryPhiladelphia

Personalised recommendations