Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society

, Volume 61, Issue 9, pp 1447–1449 | Cite as

Chemical and nutritional evaluation ofPongamia glabra oil andAcacia auriculaeformis oil

  • B. Mandal
  • S. Ghosh Majumdar
  • C. R. Maity


Karanja seed(Pongamia glabra) oil contains toxic flavonoids including 1.25% karanjin and 0.85% pongamol. After refining the oil resembles peanut oil in composition and is free from toxic flavonoids, bitterness and unpleasant odors. Akashmoni seed(Acacia auriculaeformis) oil is rich in stearic acid (31%), and nearly two-thirds of its glyceride is GS2 U (disaturated monounsaturated), mostly SOS (saturated-stearic acid and unsaturated-oleic acid). Nutritional evaluations of these two refined seed oils were carried out in rats by feeding the respective oils and peanut oil as control at 10% level in a 20% protein diet for 12 weeks. The animals fed karanja oil showed poor growth performance, altered lipid metabolism and fatty infiltration in liver. Akashmoni oil in the diet of rats did not reveal growth retardation or any abnormalities in evaluations of lipid parameters of serum and liver or histopathological findings. The results of this study indicate that refined karanja oil is toxic to rats and may not be desirable for edible purposes, while akashmoni oil may be desirable.


Cocoa Butter Zearalenone Deoxynivalenol Karanjin Feed Efficiency Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Worldwide Oilseed Forecast, JAOCS 57:585A (1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vimal, O.P., and K.T. Naphade, J. Sci. Ind. Res. 39:198 (1980).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Development of minor and non-edible oils, Indian Central Oilseed Committee, Hyderabad, 1964, p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Report of the Subcommittee on Minor Oil Seeds, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, 1971, p. 4.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mitra, C.R., Sheh. Sandesh. 40:3 (1970).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mitra, C.R., Khadi Gramodyog. 17:712 (1971).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gandhi, V.M.; K.M. Cherian and M.J. Mulky, J. Oil Tech. Ass. India. 8:65 (1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rukmini, C.; M. Vijayaraghavan and P.G. Tulpule, JAOCS 59:415 (1982).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Directorate of Non-edible Oils and Soap Industry, Non-edible Oils and Soap Industry, Review 1953–1973, 1974, p. 2.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Parmar, B.S.; K.L. Sahrawat and S.K. Mukherjee, J. Sci. Ind. Res. 35:608 (1976).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Khanna, R.N., and T.R. Seshadri, Curr. Sci. 33:644 (1964).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mandal, B.; S. Ghosh Majumdar and C.R. Maity, Acta Alimentaria 13: in press (1984).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mandal, B.; S. Ghosh Majumdar and C.R. Maity, Abstract of proceeding of ACBI, 1982, p. 146.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Official Standardized and Recommended Methods of Analysis by the Society of Analytical Chemists, 2nd edn., AOAC, London, 1973, p. 675.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Official and Tentative Methods of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 1, 3rd edn., AOCS, Champaign, IL, 1973.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mandal, B., and C.R. Maity, Ann. Natl. Acad. Med. Sci. (India). 19:194 (1983).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mandal, B.; S. Ghosh Majumdar and C.R. Maity, Proc. Indian Natn. Sci. Acad. B48:596 (1982).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Carrol, K.K., J. Nutr. 64:399 (1958).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Folch, J.M.S.; M. Less and G.H.S. Stanley, J. Biol. Chem. 226:497 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fiske, C., and Y.P. Subbarow, J. Biol. Chem. 66:375 (1925).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Novak, M., J. Lipid Res. 6:431 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sperry, M.M., and J. Webb, J. Biol. Chem. 187:97 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Amenta, J.S., J. Lipid Res. 5:270 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Mandal
    • 1
  • S. Ghosh Majumdar
    • 2
  • C. R. Maity
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentItachuna B. N. MahavidyalayaHooghly, W. B.India
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentBurdwan UniversityBurdwanIndia
  3. 3.Biochemistry DepartmentBurdwan Medical CollegeBurdwanIndia

Personalised recommendations