Skip to main content

Sesame oil. III. Antioxidant properties of sesamol

Summary and Conclusions

Sesamol possesses marked antioxidant activity in lard and also exhibits a pronounced protection for vegetable oils, especially for sesame oil.

The antioxidant activity of sesamol strengthens the assumption that free sesamol is responsible for the unusual stability of hydrogenated sesame oil, a subject which has been reported in another article in this series.

The use of sesamol as a commercial antioxidant would probably not be permitted until it has been shown to possess no undesirable physiological activity. However the presence of sesamol in concentrations up to 0.2% in sesame oil, one of the oldest edible oils known to man, would probably indicate that no serious adverse physiological problem exists in this respect. Although usually present in a bound form (sesamolin), this sesamol is known to be liberated by the action of mineral acids, even when quite dilute.

Sesamol is a very low molecular weight compound which is sufficiently volatile to be removed by deodorization, consequently it should be added to the fat after deodorization.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Utz, F., Apoth.-Zeit.,15, 28–29, 38–39 (1900).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    American Oil Chemists' Society, Official and Tentative Methods, 2nd ed., 1946.

  3. 3.

    Tocher, J. F., Pharm. J. and Trans., 1890/91, 638–640.

  4. 4.

    Tocher, J. F., Pharm. J. and Trans., 1892/93, 700–702.

  5. 5.

    Villavecchia, V., and Fabris, G., Zeitschr. angew. Chem.,17, 505–506 (1893). See also J. Soc. Chem. Ind.,1894, 69.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Haller, H. L., McGovran, E. R., Goodhue, L. D., and Sullivan, W. N., J. Org. Chem.,7, 183–184 (1942).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Kreis, H., Chemiker-Zeit.,27, 1030–1031 (1903).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Canzoneri, F., and Perciabosco, F., Gaz. chim. ital.,33 II, 253–260 (1903).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Malagnini, G., and Armanni, G., Rend. soc. chim. ital.,5, 133–137 (1907). See also Chemiker-Zeit.,31, 884 (1907).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Honig, P., Chem. Weekblad.,22, 509–512 (1925).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Adriani, W., Z. Untersuch. Lebensm.,56, 187–194 (1928).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Boeseken, J., Cohen, W. D., and Kip, C. J., Rec. trav. chim.,55, 815–820 (1936).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Olcott, H. S., and Mattill, H. A., Chem. Revs.,29, 257–268 (1941).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Lundberg, W. O., A Survey of Present Knowledge, Researches, and Practices in the United States Concerning the Stabilization of Fats, The Hormel Institute of the University of Minnesota, Publication No. 20, August, 1947.

  15. 15.

    Ralston, A. W., Fatty Acids and Their Derivatives, Wiley, 1948.

  16. 16.

    Dakin, H. D., Am. Chem. J.,42, 477–499 (1909).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Kaku, T., Kutani, N., and Takahashi, J., Pharm. Soc. J. (Japan),56, 80–91 (1936).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Bertram, S. H., Van der Steur, J. P. K., and Waterman, H. I., Biochem. Z.,197, 1 (1928).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Jacobson, M., Acree, F., Jr., and Haller, H. L., Ind. Eng. Chem.,16, 166–167 (1944).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Oliver, G. D., Singleton, W. S., and Bailey, A. E., Oil & Soap,21, 188–193 (1944).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Rockefeller Foundation Fellow from the Ministerio de Agricultura y Cria, Division de Quimica, El Valle, D. F., Venezuela.

One of the laboratories of the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, Agricultural Research Administration, U. S. Department of Agriculture.

About this article

Cite this article

Budowski, P. Sesame oil. III. Antioxidant properties of sesamol. J Am Oil Chem Soc 27, 264–267 (1950). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02634903

Download citation

Keywords

  • Phytosterol
  • Sesamin
  • Sesamol
  • Peracetic Acid
  • Color Test