Free radical addition of hydrogen sulfide to conjugated and nonconjugated methyl esters and to vegetable oils
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The rate of addition of hydrogen sulfide to high purity methyl oleate, methyl linoleate, methyl linolenate, methyl 9,11-trans,trans-octade-cadienoate and methyl β-eleostearate was investigated at 25 C with UV irradiation. A similar study was carried out with soybean, linseed and tung oils in the absence and presence of 2,2′-azo-bis(isobutyronitrile) with UV photolysis. Initially the reaction of hydrogen sulfide with methyl esters appears to follow pseudo-zero-order kinetics although as the reaction proceeds the kinetics of the polyunsaturated ester reactions become more complex. For nonconjugated systems the overall rate is determined by the initiation step, whereas the overall rate of addition to conjugated systems is a function of the stability of the resonance-stabilized addition radical in the chain transfer step. For methyl esters the following order of reactivity appears to hold:
Methyl oleate ≅ methyl linoleate ≅ methyl linolenate >> methyl 9,11-trans,trans-octadecadienoate > methyl β-eleostearate. Using 2,2′-azo-bis(isobutyronitrile) with UV photolysis markedly increases the rate of addition of hydrogen sulfide to nonconjugated vegetable oils.
KeywordsHydrogen Sulfide Methyl Oleate Methyl Linoleate Isobutyronitrile Mercaptan Sulfur
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