Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 83–86 | Cite as

A study of strength, hardness and deformation of acetylated Scandinavian softwoods

  • P. Larsson
  • R. Simonson


In this work, properties such as bending strength (expressed as modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity), hardness, and deformation under cyclic relative humidity have been studied for acetylated Scandinavian pine and spruce. The acetylation was performed with a limited amount of liquid acetic anhydride without addition of catalyst or organic cosolvent. The weight gain due to acetylation was 19.1% for the pine samples. Two kinds of spruce samples were acetylated to 18.2% (narrow annual rings) and 23.3% (broad annual rings), respectively. The results indicated that only small changes in strength were obtained. For pine, modulus of rupture decreased with about 6%, and increased with about 7% for spruce. The modulus of elasticity also decreased for pine but increased for spruce. For practical applications, these properties can be considered unaltered. Acetylated pine wood showed increased Brinell hardness. Acetylated spruce wood did not tend to deform as much as unmodified wood when exposed to moisture cycled between 40 and 90% relative humidity


Acetic Anhydride Annual Ring Weight Percent Gain Beech Wood Brinell Hardness 
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Festigkeit, Härte und Verformung von acetyliertem skandinavischem Kiefern- und Fichtenholz


An acetylierten Proben von skandinavischem Kiefern-und Fichtenholz wurden mechanische Eigenschaften (MOE, MOR), Härte und Verformung unter zyklischen Feuchtebedingungen gemessen. Die Acetylierung erfolgte mit reduziertem Anteil an flüssigem Acetanhydrid und ohne Zugabe eines Katalysators oder anderer organischer Lösemittel. Der Gewichtszuwachs betrug bei Kiefernholz 19,1%, bei Fichtenproben 18,2% (enge Jahrringe) bzw. 23,3% (weite Jahrringe). Nur geringfügige Veränderungen der Festigkeitswerte wurden beobachtet. Die MOR-Werte fielen bei Kiefernholz um 6% ab; bei Fichtenholz stiegen sie um 7%. Die MOE-Werte verhielten sich ähnlich. Für praktische Zwecke kann man die mechanischen Eigenschaften als unverändert ansehen. Die Brinellhärte des Kiefernholzes stieg nach der Acetylierung an. Die Verformungstendenzen unter zyklischem Wechselklima (40/90) wurden durch die Behandlung verringert.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Larsson
    • 1
  • R. Simonson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest Products and Chemical EngineeringChalmers University of TechnologyGöteborgSweden

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