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Degumming and refining practices in the U.S.


The “state of the art” of degumming and refining crude vegetable oils in the U.S. is discussed with reference to (a) production volumes and significant quality characteristics of oils processed; (b) processes and equipment for degumming, refining, and waterwashing the oils, illustrated by diagrams and flow charts; and (c) key process controls and analytical testing requirements for each unit operation.

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Carr, R.A. Degumming and refining practices in the U.S.. J Am Oil Chem Soc 53, 347–352 (1976).

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