, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 429–434 | Cite as

Biogeographical provincialism and biomigratory barriers during the Permo-Carboniferous in China

  • Xu Bingchuan


The territory of China is divided into three biogeographic provinces-South, Middle and North—mainly on the basis of the Permo-Carboniferous macrofossils, such as the land floras and the marine invertebrates (fusulinids, brachiopods, and corals). The biotas of these provinces were both isolated and interconnected. The distribution pattern permits certain conclusions on the palaeoclimate. The possible forms of the isolators and barriers in biomigration are briefly discussed.


Foraminifera Late Carboniferous Early Carboniferous Continental Drift Biogeographical Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ager, D. V.: Principles of Paleoecology. pp. 371. McGraw-Hill Book Comp. Inc., New York 1963.Google Scholar
  2. Ager, D. V.: Mesozoic brachiopod migrations and the opening of the North Atlantic. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 21, 85–99 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bogush, O. Y.: Middle-Late Carboniferous Foraminifera and Stratigraphy in the East of Aleysk Mts. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Geol. and Geophy. Inst., Sib. Branch (in Russian), 1963.Google Scholar
  4. Bogush, O. Y. et al.: Permo-Carboniferous Foraminifera of Verkhoyan. Acad. Nauk SSSR, Geol. and Geophy. Inst., Sib. Branch (in Russian), 1966.Google Scholar
  5. Chaloner, W. G.: The Carboniferous upland flora. Geol. Mag. 95, 261–262 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chaney, R. W.: Tertiary forests and continental drift. Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. 51, 469–488 (1940)Google Scholar
  7. Compiling Group of the Stratigraphic Table: The Stratigraphic Table of the Middle Southern China Region. Geol. Press (in Chinese) 1974Google Scholar
  8. Cui Kexin: On the Origin and Development of China's Continnent. Contribution 27th International Geological Congress, Science Press, 1984Google Scholar
  9. Edwards, W. N.: The geographical distribution of past floras. Adv. Sci., London, 46, 1–12 (1955)Google Scholar
  10. Gobbett, D. J.: Palaeozoogeography of the Verbeekinidae (Permian Foraminifera). In: Adams and Ager (eds.), Aspects of Tethyan Biogeography, No. 7, 77–91, 1967.Google Scholar
  11. Guizhou Geological Bureau: Guizhou Carboniferous. pp. 147, Tab. 80. Geol. Press, 1979 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. Guizhou Team of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology: Guizhou Stratigraphic Table. pp. 604. Geol. Press, 1977 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  13. Guizhou Team of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology: Guizhou Palaeontological Illustrated Book (2). pp. 12–95, pls. 1–24. Geol. Press, 1978 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  14. Hallam, A.: Biogeographic evidence bearing on the creation of Atlantic seaways in the Jurassic. In: West (ed.), Paleontology and Plate Tectonics. Lawrence, Kansas 1977.Google Scholar
  15. Halle, T. G.: The relation between the late Palaeozoic flora of Eastern and Northern Asia. Paleobiogeography, Washington 31, 97–105 (1935)Google Scholar
  16. Hill, D.: Lower Carboniferous corals. 134–142. In: Hallam (1953) (ed.), Atlas of Palaeobiogeography, 1973.Google Scholar
  17. Just, T.: Fossil flora of the Southern Hemisphere and their phytogeographical significance. Paleobiogeography. Washington 31, 189–203 (1953)Google Scholar
  18. Krasslov, V. A.: Changes of Mesozoic vegetation and the extinction of dinosaurs. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimat., Palaeocol. 34, 207–224 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee Siguang: The canon of marine transgression in post Palaeozoic times. Science Press 1928. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  20. Malahova, N. P.: Lower Carboniferous Stratum in North-Middle Urals from Visean Stage Foraminifera. Miner.-Geol. Inst., Sverdlovsk, No. 52, 7–101 (1960) (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. Nanking University, Geography Department: Quaternary Geology. pp. 4–55, pls. 1–14. Peop. Educat. Press, 1962. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  22. Ota, M.: The Akiyoshi Limestone Group. A geosynclinals organic reef complex. Bull Akiyoshi Sci. Mus. 5, 44 (1968)Google Scholar
  23. Palaeontological Institute et al.: Fusulinids of Qinghai. pp. 4–55, pls. 1–14. Geol. Press, 1975. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  24. Rusin, L. B.: General Principles of Paleogeography. pp. 628. E.V. Rusin Geol.-Mineral Press, Leningrad 1962. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Semichatova, S. V. et al.: Carboniferous Stratigraphical Sections. Soviet Petro. Geol. Inst., 124–292, 1962 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  26. Sheng Jinzhang: Fusulinids of China. pp. 177, pls. 27 Science Press, 1966. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  27. Simpson, G. G.: Mammals and land bridges. Jour. Washington Acad. Sci. 30, 137–163 (1940)Google Scholar
  28. Salovieva, M. N.: Middle Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Fusulinid Zones in Central Asia. Akad. Nauk SSSR Trudy, 76 (1963) (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Seyfert, C. K.; Sirkin, L. A.: Earth History and Plate Tectonics. Harper and Row, New York 1979.Google Scholar
  30. Southwest Institute of Geology and Mineralogy: Sichuan Palaeontological Illustrated Book (2). pl. 1, fig. 25. Geol. Press, 1978. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  31. Stehli, F. G.: Possible Permian climatic zonation and its implication. Amer. Jour. Sci. 225, 607–618 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stehli, F. G.: Permian brachiopods. 143–157 In: Hallam (ed.), Atlas of Palaeobiogeography, 1973.Google Scholar
  33. Sun Dianging et al.: Rotation of the earth and structure of the whole world. Chin. Geol. Sci. Acad. 562 Comprehensive Geol. Brigade Bull. 1, 1–18 (1980) (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  34. Toriyama, R.: Geology of Akiyoshi. Part 3. Fusulinids of Akiyoshi. Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka, Japan, 7, 1–261, pls. 48 (1958)Google Scholar
  35. Wagner, R. H. et al.: The Carboniferous of the U.S.S.R. Yorkshire Geol. Soc., Occas. Pub. 7, 19–158, pls. 7–28 (1979)Google Scholar
  36. Waterhouse, J. B.: World Correlation for Permian Marine Faunas. Paps. Queensland Univ. Geol. Dept. 7, 2, 53–175 (1976)Google Scholar
  37. Xu Bingchuan: Study on paleobiomigration during Carboniferous. Chin. Geol. Sci. Acad. 562 Comp. Geol. Brigade Bull. 4, 1–32 (1983) (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  38. Xu Bingchuan: Discussion on paleobiomigration and associated problems. Scientia Sinica (B) 28, 772–784 (1985)Google Scholar
  39. Yu Jianzhang: Strata and corals of the Fengning Epoch in Early Carboniferous, China. International Exchange Paps., Geol. Press, 1979. (in Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Bingchuan
    • 1
  1. 1.Chinese Academy of Geological SciencesYianjiao, Sanhe, Hebei ProvinceThe People's Republic of China

Personalised recommendations