Structural control of volcanism in the McMurdo Volcanic Group, Antarctica

Abstract

Volcanoes of the McMurdo Volcanic Group occur in four volcanic provinces: Balleny, Hallett, Melbourne and Erebus. The Balleny and Hallet provinces are distributed along the Balleny Fracture Zone and Hallett Fracture respectively. Stratovolcanoes within the Melbourne province may be associated with north to northwest-trending grabens and faults in northern Victoria Land. The Erebus volcanic province is located at the intersection of the Rennick Fault and northeast trending faults along the central Transantarctic Mountains. Within the Erebus province, volcanic centres around Mt. Erebus and Mt. Discovery possess radial symmetry which may be related to radial fractures at approximately 120° to each other.

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Kyle, P.R., Cole, J.W. Structural control of volcanism in the McMurdo Volcanic Group, Antarctica. Bull Volcanol 38, 16–25 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02597798

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Keywords

  • Volcanic Province
  • Radial Fracture
  • East African Rift
  • Volcanic Group
  • Aeromagnetic Survey