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Parameter estimation for a prosthetic ankle

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The mechanical parameters of a model of an energy storage and return ankle prosthesis are estimated for normal level walking by means of an optimization procedure. The walking cycle is divided into six fields, such that the power does not change sign within each field; the transition between successive fields occurs at zero power. The optimal spring stiffness as a function of time, is found by optimizing a quadratic cost function to minimize the difference between the estimated ankle moments and the moments in normal walking. The optimization is subjected to four continuous constraints within each field and to two continuity constraints for the transitions between successive fields. The time-varying spring stiffness and the implications of additional external energy are discussed and are presented as recommendations for the designer.

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Singer, E., Ishai, G. & Kimmel, E. Parameter estimation for a prosthetic ankle. Ann Biomed Eng 23, 691–696 (1995).

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