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Trustworthy research—An editorial introduction

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Notes and references

  1. Edsall, John T. (1975)Scientific Freedom and Responsibility. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington D.C. It is notable that Edsall joined the committee only after he had written the report.

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  2. Chalk, Rosemary (1988)Science, Technology and Society: Papers from SCIENCE, 1949–1988, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington D.C.

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  3. See for example the account of a mentor—Thomas E. Duffy—that Susan M. Fitzpatrick gave recently in theChronicle of Higher Education (April 6, 1994) B3. That this mentoring warrants a letter to the editor bespeaks the author’s concern that it is endangered, an impression that I confirmed in private communication, October, 1994.

  4. Pigman, Ward and Carmichael, Emmett B. (1950) “An Ethical Code for Scientists,” and Cranberg, Lawrence (1963) “Ethical Code for Scientists?,” reprinted in: Chalk, R. (1988)Science, Technology and Society: Papers from SCIENCE, 1949–1988, AAAS.

  5. The American Physical Society Guidelines for Professional Conduct adopted by Council, November, 1991 available from the American Physical Society, College Park, Maryland.

  6. Mazur, Allan. (1989) “The Experience of Universities in Handling Allegations of Fraud or Misconduct in Research.” In: Chalk, R. ed.Project on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct: Report on Workshop Number Two. AAAS, Washington D.C., pp. 67–94.

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  7. See for example, “Progress Report of the Committee on Academic Responsibility,” August 12, 1991 published as a supplement toMIT Tech Talk and Fostering Academic Integrity, Report of the Committee on Academic Responsibility, MIT April 15, 1992, p. 14.

  8. Babbage, Charles,Reflections on the Decline of Science in England and on Some of Its Causes, first published in 1830, republished in 1969 in London.

  9. Luhmann, Niklas (1979)Trust and Power, John Wiley & Sons, New York, and Luhmann, Niklas (1988) “Familiarity, Confidence, Trust: Problems and Alternatives.” In: Gambetta, Diego, ed.Trust.: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 94–108.

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  10. Williams, Bernard. 1988. “Formal Structures and Social Reality.” In: Gambetta, Diego, ed.Trust.: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 3–13.

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  11. Baier, Annette (1986) “Trust and Antitrust.”Ethics 96: 232–260. Reprinted inMoral Prejudices (1994) Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 95–129.

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  14. Holton, Gerald (1994) “On Doing One’s Damnedest: the Evolution of Trust in Scientific Findings.” chapter 7 in Holton’sEinstein, History, and Other Passions. American Institute of Physics, New York.

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  15. Shapin, S. (1994) 417.

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  16. See for example, Alberts, Bruce and Shine, Kenneth (1994) “Scientists and the Integrity of Research.”Science 266 (December 9): 1660–1661.

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  17. Ekman, Paul (1991)Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit, in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marriage. Norton, New York.

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Correspondence to Caroline Whitbeck.

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She is guest editor for this special issue ofScience and Engineering Ethics on “Trustworthy Research”.

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Whitbeck, C. Trustworthy research—An editorial introduction. Sci Eng Ethics 1, 322–328 (1995).

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