Kinetic data have been obtained for the reaction between chlorine and oleic acid in carbon tetrachloride solution by measuring the chlorine depletion and hydrogen chloride production as a function of residence time in a rod-like flow system. The data are well correlated by a kinetic model incorporating parallel, second-order addition and substitution reactions. Measured reaction rates are an order of magnitude less than those reported in a previous investigation which neglected substitution reactions.
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Nomenclature:a = concentration of oleic acid with double bond intact, gmole/liter;c = concentration of chlorine, gmole/liter;k = reaction rate constant, liter/gmole sec;n=k a /k s ;m=x a /x s ;p = constant defined by equation ; Q = constant defined by equation ; Q1,2,3 = constants defined in equation ;s = concentration of oleic acid with substitution sites intact, gmole/liter;x = fractional conversion; Y=c o /(s o +ma o ); Z=c o /a o (m+1). Subscripts:o refers to initial conditions;a refers to addition reaction;s refers to substitution reaction.
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Clegg, G.T., Winter, P. Kinetics of the reaction between chlorine and oleic acid in carbon tetrachloride solution. J Am Oil Chem Soc 49, 433–436 (1972). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02582528
- Oleic Acid
- Approximate Analytical Solution
- Hydrogen Chloride
- Chlorine Concentration
- Carbon Tetrachloride Solution