Kinetics of the reaction between chlorine and oleic acid in carbon tetrachloride solution

Abstract

Kinetic data have been obtained for the reaction between chlorine and oleic acid in carbon tetrachloride solution by measuring the chlorine depletion and hydrogen chloride production as a function of residence time in a rod-like flow system. The data are well correlated by a kinetic model incorporating parallel, second-order addition and substitution reactions. Measured reaction rates are an order of magnitude less than those reported in a previous investigation which neglected substitution reactions.

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Nomenclature:a = concentration of oleic acid with double bond intact, gmole/liter;c = concentration of chlorine, gmole/liter;k = reaction rate constant, liter/gmole sec;n=k a /k s ;m=x a /x s ;p = constant defined by equation [6]; Q = constant defined by equation [7]; Q1,2,3 = constants defined in equation [14];s = concentration of oleic acid with substitution sites intact, gmole/liter;x = fractional conversion; Y=c o /(s o +ma o ); Z=c o /a o (m+1). Subscripts:o refers to initial conditions;a refers to addition reaction;s refers to substitution reaction.

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Clegg, G.T., Winter, P. Kinetics of the reaction between chlorine and oleic acid in carbon tetrachloride solution. J Am Oil Chem Soc 49, 433–436 (1972). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02582528

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Keywords

  • Oleic Acid
  • Approximate Analytical Solution
  • Hydrogen Chloride
  • Chlorine Concentration
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Solution