Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 521–528 | Cite as

Growth requirements of some fungi causing maduromycosis

  • Indira Kalyanasundaram


Three strains ofMadurella mycetomi, two ofM. grisea, and two ofRhinocladiella mansonii have been studied for possible differences in growth requirements which might be used for distinguishing these species.

Under the experimental conditions, an incubation temperature of 37C suitedM. mycetomi about as well as 30C.R. mansonii grew less well at 37C than at 30C, andM. grisea did not grow at the higher temperature.

M. grisea andR. mansonii further differed fromM. mycetomi in that they required thiamine for growth.

The pH tolerance of all the strains was very wide.

Asparagine and potassium nitrate were readily utilized by all the strains, but ammonium salts were not. Urea was poorly used byM. mycetomi; the other species did not use it.

A possible relationship ofM. grisea andR. mansonii is discussed.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abbott, P. 1956. Mycetoma in the Sudan. — Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.50: 11–124.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Borelli, D. 1951. Medios caseros para micologia. — Arch. Venezolanos Med. Trop. Parasitol. Med.4: 301–310.Google Scholar
  3. Borelli, D. 1957.Madurella mycetomi: Fialides, Fialosporos, inoculatión al raton. — Bol. Laboratorio Clinico2: 15.Google Scholar
  4. Cochrane, V. W. 1958. Physiology of fungi. — John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  5. Gilardi, G. L. 1965. Nutrition of systemic and subcutaneous pathogenic fungi. — Bacteriol. Rev.29: 406–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gilardi, G. L. andLaffer, N. C. 1962. Nutritional studies on the yeast phase ofBlastomyces dermatitidis andB. brasiliensis. — J. Bacteriol.83: 219–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Indira, P. U. andSirsi, M. 1968. Studies on maduromycosis. — Indian J. Med. Res.56: 1265–1271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Lilly, V. G. andBarnett, H. L. 1951. Physiology of the fungi. — McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  9. Mackinnon, J. E. 1954. A contribution to the study of the causal organisms of maduromycosis. — Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.48: 470–480.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Murray, I. G. 1968. Some aspects of the biochemical differentiation of pathogenic fungi: a review. — J. Gen. Microbiol.52: 213–221.Google Scholar
  11. Segretain, G. etDestombes, P. 1969. Recherche sur les mycetomes àMadurella grisea etPyrenochaeta romeroi. — Sabouraudia7: 51–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Stockdale, P. M. 1953. Nutritional requirements of the dermatophytes. — Biol. Rev.28: 84–104.Google Scholar
  13. Suryanarayanan, S. 1958. Growth factor requirements ofPiricularia spp. andSclerotium oryzae. — Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.48: 154–188.Google Scholar
  14. Villela, G. G. andCury, A. 1950. Studies on the vitamin nutrition ofAllescheria boydii Shear. — J. Bacteriol.59: 1–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Wolf, F. T., Bryden, R. R. andMacLaren, J. A. 1950. The nutrition ofMonosporium apiospermum. — Mycologia42: 233–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Veenman & Zonen B.V. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Indira Kalyanasundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology and Pharmacology LaboratoryIndian Institute of ScienceBangalore-12India

Personalised recommendations