Upper-extremity venography using digital subtraction angiography


Venography to evaluate the patency of upper-extremity veins was performed with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and conventional angiography. Venous thrombosis was easily diagnosed, and the innominate veins and superior vena cava were more easily visualized using DSA. Iodine concentration for DSA was one-third that of conventional venography, and the examination time was reduced by 50% using DSA. Patient comfort and acceptance were greater with DSA. DSA is a superior technique for upper-extremity vein evaluation in cooperative patients.

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Correspondence to Malonnie L. Kinnison M.D..

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Kinnison, M.L., Kaufman, S.L., Chang, R. et al. Upper-extremity venography using digital subtraction angiography. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 9, 106–108 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02577911

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Key words

  • Venography
  • Venous thrombosis
  • Digital subtraction angiography