Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 411–417 | Cite as

Regulation of bone mass by mechanical strain magnitude

  • Clinton T. Rubin
  • Lance E. Lanyon
Laboratory Investigations

Summary

Thein vivo remodeling behavior within a bone protected from natural loading was modified over an 8-week period by daily application of 100 consecutive 1 Hz load cycles engendering strains within the bone tissue of physiological rate and magnitude. This load regime resulted in a graded dose:response relationship between the peak strain magnitude and change in the mass of bone tissue present. Peak longitudinal strains below 0.001 were associated with bone loss which was achieved by increased remodeling activity, endosteal resorption, and increased intra-cortical porosis. Peak strains above 0.001 were associated with little change in intra-cortical remodeling activity but substantial periosteal and endosteal new bone formation.

Key words

Bone remodeling Mechanical strain Osteoporosis Bone mass 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clinton T. Rubin
    • 1
  • Lance E. Lanyon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and Cellular BiologyTufts UniversityBoston
  2. 2.The Royal Veterinary CollegeLondonUK

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