Dry bean tannins: A review of nutritional implications

Abstract

Tannins are one of several antinutritional factors present in dry beans and are located mainly in the seed coat or testa. The tannin content of dry beans ranges from 0.0 to 2.0% depending on the bean species and color of the seed coat. Many high tannin bean varieties are of lower nutritional quality than low tannin varieties of beans. Naturally occurring food legume tannins are reported to interact with proteins (both enzyme and nonenzyme proteins) to form tannin-protein complexes resulting in inactivation of digestive enzymes and protein insolubility. Both in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that bean tannins decrease protein digestibility, either by inactivating digestive enzymes or by reducing the susceptibility of the substrate proteins after forming complexes with tannins and absorbed ionizable iron. Other deleterious effects of tannins include a lowered feed efficiency and growth depression in experimental animals. The antinutritional activity of bean tannins can be reduced by processing (1 or a combination of 2 or more methods), for example dehulling, soaking, cooking and germination. Genetic selection also may help in breeding varieties low in tannins. Potential chemical treatments such as use of tannin complexing agents are discussed.

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Reddy, N.R., Pierson, M.D., Sathe, S.K. et al. Dry bean tannins: A review of nutritional implications. J Am Oil Chem Soc 62, 541–549 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02542329

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Keywords

  • Tannin
  • Seed Coat
  • Methyl Oleate
  • Faba Bean
  • Condensed Tannin