Solubilities of vegetable oils in aqueous ethanol and ethanol-hexane mixtures

Summary

The solubility of vegetable oils in aqueous ethanol depends on the concentration of alcohol and temperature of the system. At ordinary temperatures even absolute alcohol is not a good solvent for vegetable oils since the solubility is even less than 10 g. of oil per 100 g. of alcohol. Mowrah, safflower, peanut, and cottonseed oils are soluble in absolute alcohol at 70°C. All the oils investigated are found to be miscible above the boiling point of alcohol even if the concentration is 98%. In 95% ethanol they are miscible between 90° and 100°C. Addition of a good solvent, like n-hexane, increases the solubility of oils, and the solubility temperatures are lowered. From the results obtained by various methods of solubility determination it is found that the apparatus employed in the present work yields more reliable results by eliminating the visual observation of turbidity temperatures, ensuring vigorous stirring and allowing sufficient amount of time to attain equilibrium conditions in determining the solubilities of vegetable oils.

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Kaparthi, R., Chari, K.S. Solubilities of vegetable oils in aqueous ethanol and ethanol-hexane mixtures. J Am Oil Chem Soc 36, 77–80 (1959). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02540248

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Keywords

  • Tocopherol
  • Aqueous Ethanol
  • Regional Research Laboratory
  • Propyl Gallate
  • Saturation Solubility