Induction of geranyl pyrophosphate pyrophosphatase activity by cholesterol-suppressive isoprenoids
Diets supplemented (1 mmol/kg) with thymol, carvacrol, and β-ionone significantly decreased the serum cholesterol levels of cockerels. These mevalonate-derived end products of plant secondary metabolism (isoprenoids) had no impact on two cytosolic prenyl alcohol (and ethanol) dehydrogenase activities; each treatment increased microsomal geranyl pyrophosphate pyrophosphatase activity by greater than twofold. The structural diversity of the isoprenoids which suppress cholesterol synthesis may be reconciled by their ability to increase pyrophosphatase activity, thus leading to the production of the endogenous, post-transcriptional regulator of 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity.
KeywordsIsoprenoids Thymol Serum Cholesterol Level Geraniol Carvacrol
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