, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 99–101 | Cite as

Cis-5-monoenoic fatty acids ofCarlina (Compositae) seed oils

  • G. F. Spencer
  • R. Kleiman
  • F. R. Earle
  • I. A. Wolff


Seed oils ofCarlina corymbosa L. andC. acaulis L. containcis-5-octadecenoic acid as a major fatty acid (21–24%). This acid has not been previously reported as a constituent of Compositate seed oils. The predominant fatty acid in theCarlina oils is linoleic (50–52%); lesser amounts (≦10% each) of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids are also present. The oil ofC. acaulis has almost 2% ofcis-5-hexadecenoic acid;C. corymbosa oil includes minor amounts of some oxygenated fatty acids.


Methyl Oleate Methyl Linoleate Hexadecenoic Acid Oxirane Oxygen Reductive Ozonolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Willis, J. C., “A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns,” 7th Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1966, p. 199.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Taylor, N., Editor, “Taylor's Encyclopedia of Gardening”, 3rd Edition, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1957, p. 169.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miller, R. W., F. R. Earle and I. A. Wolff, JAOCS42, 817–821 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Litchfield, C., R. D. Harlow and R. Reiser, Ibid.42, 849–857 (1965).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fioriti, J. A., and R. J. Sims, J. Chromatog.32, 761–763 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Metcalfe, L. D., A. A. Schmitz and R. J. Pelka, Anal. Chem.38, 514–515 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kleiman, R., G. F. Spencer, F. R. Earle and I. A. Wolff, Chem. Ind. (London), 1967, 1326–1327.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kleiman, R., G. F. Spencer, F. R. Earle and I. A. Wolff, Abstr. papers presented at AOCS meeting, JAOCS44, 362A (1967).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gunstone, F. D., I. A. Ismail and M. Lie Ken Jie, Chem. Phys. Lipids1, 376–385 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    O'Connor, R. T., JAOCS33, 1–15 (1956).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harris, J. A., F. C. Magne and E. L. Skau, Ibid.40, 718–720 (1963).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kleiman, R., C. R. Smith, Jr., S. G. Yates and Q. Jones, Ibid.42, 169–172 (1965).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lohmar, R. L., C. R. Smith, Jr. and T. L. Wilson, J. Org. Chem.25, 2034–2035 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tallent, W. H., J. Harris and I. A. Wolff, Tetrahedron Lett.36, 4329–4334 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chapault, J. R., and J. M. Hawkins, JAOCS36, 535–539 (1959).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mikolajczak, K. L., R. M. Freidinger, C. R. Smith, Jr. and I. A. Wolff, Lipids3, 489–494. (1968).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bagby, M. O., C. R. Smith, Jr., K. L. Mikolajczak and I. A. Wolff, Biochemistry1, 632–639 (1962).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bhatty, M. K., and B. M. Craig, Can. J. Biochem.44, 311–318 (1966).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smith, C. R., Jr., R. Kleiman and I. A. Wolff, Lipids3, 37–42 (1968).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bagby, M. O., C. R. Smith, Jr., T. K. Miwa, R. L. Lohmar and I. A. Wolff, J. Org. Chem.25, 1770–1774 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. F. Spencer
    • 1
  • R. Kleiman
    • 1
  • F. R. Earle
    • 1
  • I. A. Wolff
    • 1
  1. 1.Northern Regional Research LaboratoryPeoria

Personalised recommendations