Dimorphotheca sinuata lipoxygenase: Formation of 13-L-hydroperoxy-cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid from linoleic acid
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Lipoxygenase (EC 220.127.116.11) from the seed ofDimorphotheca sinuata oxidized linoleic acid to predominantly 13-L-hydroperoxy-cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid. When the reaction proceeded at pH 6.9, the 13-hydroperoxide was the only isomer detected; but at pH 5.1, the 13-isomer was 92% of the total, the remaining 8% being the 9-hydroperoxide. At both pH's small amounts of hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid accumulated during the reaction. This acid from the pH 6.9 reaction was analyzed as 13-hydroxy-cis,trans-octadecadienoic. The postulate advanced by many workers that dimorphecolic acid, 9-D-hydroxy-trans-10,trans-12-octadecadienoic acid, is biosynthesized via a lipoxygenase product was not proved. Although the product specificity ofD. sinuata lipoxygenase is like that of lipoxygenase type 1 from soybeans, its inactivity at pH 9 demonstrated that it is a novel enzyme.
KeywordsLinoleic Acid Lipoxygenase Activity Hydroxystearic Acid Lipoxygenase Product Linoleic Acid Hydroperoxide
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