Changes of spheroid and of datum
- 13 Downloads
A datum change between two geodetic systems with points in common may be derived in three stages; slight adjustments of coordinates to make the networks of common points geometrically similar in the two systems; a scale factor to make them geometrically congruent; finally, an orthogonal transformation to swing them into coincidence.
The geometrical concept is developed of a “datum screw”, not arbitrarily chosen as is the “origin” or “datum point” of a geodetic survey, but intrinsic to the geometry. The conditions under which it degenerates to a simple “datum shift” are discussed.
Differential and other formulae for changes of spheroid and of datum are given, together with a set of tables of coefficients.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.