Lipids

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Effects of hydrogen peroxide on lipoproteins and associated lipids

  • Dale A. Clark
  • Emmett L. FouldsJr.
  • Fredrick H. WilsonJr.
Article

Abstract

Lipoproteins isolated from human or chimpanzee serum were treated with H2O2 and allowed to stand varying lengths of time before quantitative analysis in the ultracentrifuge. Marked instability of ultracentrifugal boundaries (convection) occurred during the first 24 hr, but diminished thereafter. Simultaneously, the quantity of lipoprotein decreased. The instability of boundaries in H2O2-treated samples was presumed to reflect loss of lipid-protein affinity and breakdown of lipoproteins under the force of ultracentrifugation. Analysis of extracted lipids showed that H2O2 caused little loss of phospholipid, significant loss of triglyceride, and apparent loss of cholesteryl ester. The latter loss, however, was accompanied by appearance of esterified cholesterol in the free cholesterol eluent. Apparently H2O2 converted some cholesteryl esters to a more polar form which was eluted later from the column, with the free cholesterol fraction. Gas chromatographic analysis of the fractions eluted from the column showed that selective degradation of polyunsaturated fatty acids was most marked with cholesteryl esters, somewhat less with triglycerides, and negligible with phospholipids. It was postulated that the loss of lipid-protein affinity caused by H2O2 in vitro may reflect a similar process in vivo, i.e., that one process contributing to development of atherosclerosis can be oxidation of lipoprotein, with loss of lipid-protein affinity and accumulation of lipid products in (or on) cells of the vascular system.

Keywords

Cholesterol High Density Lipoprotein H202 Cholesteryl Ester Free Cholesterol 

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Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dale A. Clark
    • 1
  • Emmett L. FouldsJr.
    • 1
  • Fredrick H. WilsonJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.USAF School of Aerospace MedicineBrooks Air Force Base

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