, Volume 145, Issue 1, pp 315–321 | Cite as

Cladocera in space and time: Analysis of lake sediments

  • Wolfgang Hofmann
Ecology, Population Studies & History


Shells of Bosminidae and Chydoridae are quantitatively preserved in lake sediments. The chronological deposition of these remains provides the means for longterm observation of these Cladocera, both in terms of species and communities.

Chydorid analysis, as based on subfossil assemblages, is an analysis of community and provides direct observation of community dynamics over extended periods of time. It has proved to be a valuable method to obtain information on the influence of environmental factors and time on community characteristics.

Morphological variation inBosmina (Eubosmina) has been followed for some thousand years. This is of special interest for the evaluation of taxonomic rank (species, forms) if closely related taxa have co-existed.

Bosmina successions, as well as shifts in the chydorid fauna, are related to environmental change. Thus, cladoceran analysis of lake sediments provides information on the developmental history of lakes and allows observation of the effects of longterm environmental changes, such as climatic changes and eutrophication.


Cladocera lake sediments subfossil assemblages community response evolution taxonomy eutrophication climatic changes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Boucherle, M. M. & H. Züllig, 1983. Cladoceran remains as evidence of change in trophic state in three Swiss lakes. Hydrobiologia 103: 141–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crisman, T. L. & D. R. Whitehead, 1978. Paleolimnological studies on small New England (U.S.A.) ponds. Part II. Cladoceran community responses to trophic oscillations. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 25: 75–86.Google Scholar
  3. Deevey, E. S., 1942. Studies on Connecticut lake sediments. III. The biostratonomy of Linsley Pond. Am. J. Sci. 240: 233–264, 313–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deevey, E. S., 1969. Cladoceran populations of Rogers Lake, Connecticut, during late- and postglacial time. Mitt. int. Ver. Limnol. 17: 56–63.Google Scholar
  5. Deevey, E. S. & G. B. Deevey, 1971. The American species ofEubosmina Seligo (Crustacea, Cladocera). Limnol. Oceanogr. 16: 201–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Einarsson, A., 1982. The paleolimnology of Lake Myvatn, northern Iceland: plant and animal microfossils in the sediment. Freshwat. Biol. 12: 63–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Flössner, D., 1964. Zur Cladocerenfauna des Stechlinsee-Gebietes II. Limnologica 2: 35–103.Google Scholar
  8. Flössner, D., 1972. Kiemen- und Blattfüßer, Branchiopoda, Fischläuse, Branchiura. Tierwelt Dtl. 60: 1–499.Google Scholar
  9. Frenzel, P., 1982. Die Coenosen der litoralen Cladocera (Crustacea) des Bodensees. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 62: 291–331.Google Scholar
  10. Frey, D. G., 1955. Längsee: a history of meromixis. Mem. Ist. ital. Idrobiol. Suppl. 8: 141–164.Google Scholar
  11. Frey, D. G., 1958. The late-glacial cladoceran fauna of a small lake. Arch. Hydrobiol. 54: 209–275.Google Scholar
  12. Frey, D. G., 1959. The taxonomic and phylogenetic significance of the head pores of the Chydroridae (Cladocera). Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 44: 27–50.Google Scholar
  13. Frey, D. G., 1960. The ecological significance of cladoceran remains in lake sediments. Ecology 41: 684–698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frey, D. G., 1962. Cladocera from the Eemian Interglacial of Denmark. J. Paleont. 36: 1133–1154.Google Scholar
  15. Frey, D. G., 1964. Remains of animals in Quaternary lake and bog sediments and their interpretation. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 2: 1–114.Google Scholar
  16. Frey, D. G., 1976. Interpretation of Quaternary paleoecology from Cladocera and midges, and prognosis regarding usability of other organisms. Can. J. Zool. 54: 2208–2226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Frey, D. G., 1986. Cladocera analysis. In: B. E. Berglund (ed.), Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. Wiley, Chichester: 667–692.Google Scholar
  18. Goulden, C. E., 1964. The history of the cladoceran fauna Esthwaite Water (England) and its limnological significance. Arch. Hydrobiol. 60: 1–52.Google Scholar
  19. Goulden, C. E., 1969. Developmental phases of the biocoenosis. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 62: 1066–1073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Harmsworth, R. V., 1968. The developmental history of Blelham Tarn (England) as shown by animal microfossils, with special reference to the Cladocera. Ecol. Monogr. 38: 223–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hofmann, W., 1978a. Analysis of animal microfossils from the Großer Segeberger See (F.R.G.). Arch. Hydrobiol. 82: 316–346.Google Scholar
  22. Hofmann, W., 1978b.Bosmina (Eubosmina) populations of Großer Plöner See and Schöhsee lakes during late-glacial and postglacial times. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 25: 167–176.Google Scholar
  23. Hofmann, W., 1983. Stratigraphy of Cladocera and Chironomidae in a core from a shallow North German lake. Hydrobiologia 103: 235–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hofmann, W., 1984a. Stratigraphie subfossiler Cladocera (Crustacea) und Chironomidae (Diptera) in zwei Sedimentprofilen des Meerfelder Maares. Cour. Forsch. Inst. Senckenberg 65: 67–80.Google Scholar
  25. Hofmann, W., 1984b. Postglacial morphological variation inBosmina longispina Leydig (Crustacea, Cladocera) from the Großer Plöner See (north Germany) and its taxonomic implications. Z. zool. Syst. Evolut.-forsch. 22: 294–301.Google Scholar
  26. Hofmann, W., 1984c. Morphological variation in a late glacial population ofBosmina longispina Leydig (Crustacea, Cladocera) from the Lobsigensee (Swiss Plateau). Studies in the Late-Quaternary of Lobsigensee 9. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 46: 139–146.Google Scholar
  27. Hofmann, W. Developmental history of the Großer Plöner See and the Schöhsee (north Germany): cladoceran analysis, with special reference to eutrophication. Arch. Hydrobiol. (in press a).Google Scholar
  28. Hofmann, W. On the relationship of theBosmina taxacoregoni andthersites, as indicated by subfossil remains. Hydrobiologia (in press b).Google Scholar
  29. Hollwedel, W., 1975/76. Zur Cladoceren-Fauna des Sager Meeres. Teil II: Litorale Cladoceren und eine Mitteilung über Ostracoden-Funde. Oldenburger Jb. 75/76: 145–182.Google Scholar
  30. Lieder, U., 1983a. Revision of the genusBosmina Baird, 1845 (Crustacea, Cladocera). Int. Revue. ges. Hydrobiol. 68: 121–139.Google Scholar
  31. Lieder, U., 1983b. Introgression as a factor in the evolution of polytypical plankton Cladocera. Int. Revue. ges. Hydrobiol. 68: 269–284.Google Scholar
  32. Lieder, U., 1983c. Die Arten der UntergattungEubosmina Seligo, 1900 (Crustacea: Cladocera, Bosminidae). Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 59: 195–292.Google Scholar
  33. Lotter, A. & M. M. Boucherle, 1984. A late-glacial and post-glacial history of Amsoldingersee and vicinity, Switzerland. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 46: 192–209.Google Scholar
  34. Patalas, J. & K. Patalas, 1966. The crustacean plankton communities in Polish lakes. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 16: 204–215.Google Scholar
  35. Poulsen, E. M., 1928. Faunistische und biologische Untersuchungen über die Cladocerenfauna von Dänemark. Vidensk. Medd. Dansk naturh. Foren. 86: 203–242.Google Scholar
  36. Rühe, F. E., 1913/14. Biologie und Verbreitung der Bosminen und deren Beziehungen zur Eiszeit. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 6: 77–95.Google Scholar
  37. Whiteside, M. C., 1970. Danish Cladocera: modern ecology and core studies. Ecol. Monogr. 40: 79–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Whiteside, M. C. & M. R. Swindoll. Guidelines and limitations to cladoceran paleoecological interpretations. ms.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Hofmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Abt. MikrobenökologieMax-Planck-Institut für LimnologiePlönF.R.G.

Personalised recommendations