Ecological Research

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 277–287 | Cite as

Stand dynamics during a 12-year period in a second-growth stand in a cool temperature forest in northern Japan

  • Kanji Namikawa
  • Yukio Ishikawa
  • Junji Sano


In 1981 and 1993, trees over 2 m high were measured and mapped to clarify stand dynamics in two permanent plots of 0.1 ha in a secondary, cool temperate, mixed broadleaf/conifer forest after logging in the Tomakomai Experiment Forest, central Hokkaido, northern Japan. The species could be placed in two groups according to the change in basal area and density, and annual height growth:Quercus mongolica var.grosseserrata, Phellodendron amurense, Prunus sargentii andTilia japonica (Group I: GI) showed episodic regeneration and/or fast height growth;Acer mono, Acer palmatum var.matsumuae andSorbus alnifolia (Group II: GII) showed continuous regeneration and/or slow height growth. The age distribution of stems over 10 cm in d.b.h. suggests synchronous regeneration of GI and GII species. Vertical stratification was promoted during the 12-year period by the difference in annual height growth between the two species groups. Additional tree censuses in both remnant old-growth stands and second-growth stands after large scale blowdowns demonstrated thatQ. mongolica var.grosseserrata is most dominant in stands varying in the stages of development. Disturbance history and successional trends in dominant species implied that stand-devastating disturbances were responsible for the regeneration ofQ. mongolica var.grosseserrata in the study forest.

Key words

annual height growth permanent plot Quercus mongolica var.grosseserrata stand-devastating disturbance successional trend 


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Copyright information

© Ecological Society of Japan 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanji Namikawa
    • 1
  • Yukio Ishikawa
    • 2
  • Junji Sano
    • 3
  1. 1.Biological Laboratory, Sapporo CollegeHokkaido University of EducationSapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Hokkaido CollegeSenshu UniversityBibaiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Forestry Science, Faculty of AgricultureTottori UniversityTottoriJapan

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