Antisense oligonucleotide to the 70-kDa heat shock cognate protein inhibits synthesis of myelin basic protein
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Transfection of rat oligodendrocytes with an oligonucleotide sequence complementary to the mRNA encoding the initial ten amino acids of the rat 70-kDa heat shock cognate protein (HSC70) resulted in a rapid (within 24 h) and significant reduction in HSC70 synthesis (69% of control cells transfected with sense oligonucleotide). A further decrease to approximately 44% of controls was detected after 2 days. At that time, HSC70 protein content fell to approximately 49% of controls, and a significant reduction in the synthesis of myelin basic protein (MBP) was first detected (66% of controls). After 5 days, HSC70 synthesis returned to control levels. As HSC70 protein content recovered, so did the synthesis of MBP. Throughout the 5-day experimental period, only minor changes were detected in cell morphology, overall pattern of protein synthesis and the synthesis and content of proteolipid protein (PLP) and the pi isoenzyme of glutathione-S-transferase (pi). These data show that when HSC70 protein content is sufficiently reduced by antisense oligonucleotide, synthesis of MBP (but not PLP or pi) is correspondingly down-regulated, and provide evidence consistent with the role of HSC70 as a chaperone for MBP.
Key WordsChaperone 70-kDa heat shock cognate protein myelin basic protein oligodendrocyte protein synthesis antisense oligonucleotide
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