Synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction study on phase behavior of PPP-POP binary mixtures
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The phase behavior of thesn-1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoylglycerol (PPP-POP) binary mixture system was studied by powder X-ray diffraction with synchrotron radiation and by differential scanning calorimetry. The results showed that the immiscible phases were observed in metastable and in the most stable forms. In particular, synchrotron X-ray diffraction enabled us to reveal the monotectic nature of α as a kinetic phase behavior. The equilibrium phase diagram of the PPP-POP mixture is divided into two regions. In POP concentration ratios below 40%, solid-state transformation from α to β was observed, indicating that the α-β transition of PPP was promoted in the presence of POP. By contrast, the polymorphic transition proceeds from α to β through the occurrence of the intermediate β′ form at POP concentration ratios above 50%.
Key WordsDifferential scanning calorimetry mixture phase behavior 2-oleodipalmitin polymorphism synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction tripalmitin
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