, Volume 31, Issue 9, pp 971–975 | Cite as

Fatty acid composition of danish margarines and shortenings, with special emphasis ontrans fatty acids

  • Lars Ovesen
  • Torben Leth
  • Kirsten Hansen


Trans fatty acids from hydrogenated vegetable and marine oils could be as hypercholesterolemic and atherogenic as saturated fatty acids. Hence, it is important to know the fatty acid composition in major food contributors, e.g., margarines and shortenings. In 1992 margarines were examined, and in 1995 brands covering the entire Danish market were examined. Significant amounts oftrans-18∶1 were found only in hard margarines (mean: 4.2±2.8%) and shortenings (mean: 6.8 ±3.1%), whereas the semisoft and soft margarines contained substantially lesstrans-18∶1 in 1995 than in 1992. Where marine oils had been used to a larger degree the meantrans-monoenoic content was about 15%, of which close to 50% was made up of long-chain (C20 and C22)trans fatty acids. A note-worthy decrease in the content oftrans-18∶1 had occurred for the semisoft margarines, from 9.8±6.1% in 1992 to 1.2±2.2% in 1995. Calculated from sales figures, the supply oftrans-18∶1 plus saturated fatty acids from margarines had decreased over this three-year period by 1.4 g/day, which has been replaced bycis monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.


Saturated Fatty Acid Total Fatty Acid Trans Fatty Acid Total Saturated Fatty Acid Soft Margarine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



gas-liquid chromatography


high density lipoprotein


lauric acid


long-chain fatty acids (C20 or longer; saturated and unsaturated)


low density lipoprotein


lmoleic acid


myristic acid


palmitic acid


trans fatty acids


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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lars Ovesen
    • 1
  • Torben Leth
    • 1
  • Kirsten Hansen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Food Chemistry and NutritionNational Food AgencySøborgDenmark
  2. 2.Aarhus LandsdelslaboratoriumAarhusDenmark

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