The journal of mental health administration

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 158–169 | Cite as

Job ending among youth and adults with severe mental illness

  • Judith A. Cook
Regular Articles


This study examined job leaving over a 36-month period among 326 persons (74 youth and 252 adults) with severe mental illness who were participating in an urban vocational rehabilitation program. Data from 627 job endings indicated that younger clients displayed job-ending patterns that were different in some aspects from such patterns for nondisabled youth (such as displaying a lower average job tenure) yet similar to job-ending patterns for nonhandicapped youth in other ways (such as displaying a high frequency of job changing). Youth and their adult counterparts with mental illness displayed similar tenure on agency-sponsored placements but significantly different tenure on independent jobs. While adults held their independent jobs for an average of seven months, youth averaged only three months at competitive employment. Youth also were significantly more likely than adults to be fired from both placements and independent jobs. These findings and others are discussed in terms of their implications for development of public policy and service delivery models for providing on-going job support to youth and adults with severe psychiatric disabilities.


Severe Mental Illness Vocational Rehabilitation Psychiatric Disability Competitive Employment Vocational Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Association of Mental Health Administrators 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith A. Cook
    • 1
  1. 1.Thresholds National Research and Training Center on Rehabilitation and Mental IllnessChicago

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