Journal of radioanalytical chemistry

, Volume 68, Issue 1–2, pp 219–231 | Cite as

Instrumental neutron activation analysis of sewage sludge and compost

  • R. Dams
  • A. M. Buysse
  • M. Helsen
Nuclear Methods in Environmental Science Section


Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been applied for the analysis of four sewage sludges of municpal water treatment plants, one sludge of an industrial water treatment plant one compost of a municipal compostation plant in Belgium. This pilot study showed that concentrations for 41 elements could be obtained. Tests for homogeneity and accuracy indicated the necessity of a thorough grinding and homogenization of the samples before analysis. The concentrations obtained were compared with the mean soil composition and the possible enrichment of heavy metals in the soil calculated when the materials are used as a manure to agricultural land. The Zn concentration is mostly the limiting factor for the agricultural application.


Sludge Sewage Sludge Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Heavy Metal Content Sludge Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. L. JONES, D. C. BOMBERGER Jr., F. M. LEWIS, J. JACKNOW, Environ. Sci. Technol., 11 (1977) 968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. de HAAN, H2O, 6 (1973) 367.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Department of the Environment (U. K.): “Agriculture Use of Sewage Sludge”, Notes on Water Pollution No, 57, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Environmental Protection Agency Washington D. C., Publication No, PR 211323, 1972.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    FAO, “Organic Material as fectilizers”, Soils Bull., 27 (1975) 211.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. M. STERRIT, J. V. LESTER, Water, Air Soil Pollution, 14 (1981) 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. K. FURR, A. W. LAWRENCE, S. C. C. TONG, M. C. GRANDOLFO, R. A. HOFSTADER, C. A. BACHE, W. H. GUTENMAN, D. J. LISK, Environ. Sci. Technol., 10 (1976) 683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. L. BERROW, J. WEBBER, J. Sci. Food. Agric., 23 (1972) 93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. A. ABOTT, „Metals in Municipal Sewage Systems”, Rep. of Div. of Industrial Wastes, Ontario Water Resources Commission, Toronto, Ont. Canada, December, 1971.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. DHAESE, “Invloed van Anorganische Verontreinigingen op de Relatie Bodem-Water-Pant”, Uit. Stichting Leeffilieu, Kredietbank, Antwerpen, Belgium 1981.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. HEINDRYCKX, R. DAMS, Radiochem. Radianal. Lett., 16 (1974) 209.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. OP de BEECK, J. DE DONDER, “Description of the Program Package Olive” Internal report INW-Gent, INW-Chem-3, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. ALLUYN, Bepaling van zware metalen in slib en compost door X-straal fluorescentie, Thesis Univ. Gent, 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. STEEGMANS, M. DEMUYNCK, Limburgs Centrum voor TOegepaste Ecologie, Diepenbeek, Belgium private communication 1980.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. J. M. BOWEN, “Environmental Chemistry of the Elements” Acad. Press, New York, 1979, p. 60.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Dams
    • 1
  • A. M. Buysse
    • 1
  • M. Helsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear SciencesUniversity of Gent Proeftuinstraat 86GentBelgium

Personalised recommendations