Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 155–172 | Cite as

Uptake of inorganic acids on hydrogels of tetravalent hydroxides and its application for the preparation of some inorganic sorbents

  • R. Caletka
  • M. Tympl
Ion Exchange


The paper deals with the study of inorganic acid uptake on hydrogels of titanium, zirconium, and tin hydroxides prepared by the sol-gel method in the form of regular spherical particles. The aim of the work was the determination of the basic conditions for the preparation of inorganic ion exchangers by means of the conversion of the hydroxide gel. The results obtained prove that the exchange of hydroxide groups of the gel phase for the respective anions plays the decisive role in the uptake on zirconium hydroxide. With similar titanium and tin compounds, the main process affecting the uptake is the formation of adsorption compounds and the free diffusion of the electrolyte into the gel phase. The possibilities of the application of the sol-gel method for the preparation of inorganic sorbents are discussed.


Inorganic Acid Zirconium Hydroxide HIO3 Titanium Hydroxide Inorganic Sorbent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    V. BARAN, R. CALETKA, M. TYMPL, V. URBÁNEK, J. Radioanal. Chem., 24 (1975) 353.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. V. TANANAJEV et al., Khimia ferotsyanidov, Nauka, Moskva, 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O. TOMIČEK, Odměrná analýza, Praha, 1949.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. URBÁNEK, V. BARAN, Jad. Energie, 21 (1975) 51.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. CALETKA, M. TYMPL, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., (in press).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. WEDEKIND, H. WILKE, Koll. Zeitschr., 34 (1924) 83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. WEDEKIND, H. WILKE, Koll. Zeitschr., 34 (1924) 283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. C. SEN, Z. Anorg. Allgem Chem., 174 (1928) 75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. WEIBULL, Acta Univ. Lund., 11, 18; V (1881) 53.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. I. PLOTNIKOV, V. L. KOCHETKOV, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR, Ser. Fiz.-Mat., 5 (1967) 58.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. A. KRAUS, H. O. PHILLIPS, T. A. CARLSON, J. S. JOHNSON, 2nd Intern. Conf. Peaceful Uses At. Energy. Geneva 1958, Paper No. 271.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. B. AMPHLETT, L. A. MCDONALD, M. I. REDMANN, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 6 (1958) 236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. TUSTANOWSKI, J. Chromatog., 31 (1967) 268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. HEVESY, Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem., 147 (1925) 217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. STARKE, Angew. Chem., 78 (1966) 645.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. W. THOMAS, H. S. OWENS, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 57 (1935) 1825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. N. CHAKRAVARTY, K. C. SEN, Z. Anorg. Allgem. Chem., 186 (1930) 357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. DRENEK, Z. Anorg. Chem., 80 (1913) 448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. K. MAJUMDAR, J. Indian Chem. Soc., 7 (1930) 687.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. S. BHATIA, S. GHOSH, J. Indian Chem. Soc., 7 (1930) 687.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. S. OWENS, R. MORRIS J. Phys. Chem., 42 (1938) 563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. W. THOMAS, W. G. STEWARDT, Koll. Zeitschr., 86 (1939) 279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. D. DONALDSON, M. J. FULLER, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 32 (1970) 1703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    F. GIRARDI, P. PIETRA, E. SABBIONI, J. Radioanal. Chem., 5 (1970) 141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. B. AMPHLETT, 2nd Intern. Conf. Peaceful Uses At. Energy, Geneva 1958, Paper No. 271.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. B. AMPHLETT, Inorganic Ion Exchangers, Elsevier, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. VESELÝ, V. PEKÁREK, Talanta, 19 (1972) 219, 1245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. BERÁK, E. UHER, M. MARHOL, At. Energy Rev., (in the press).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. CALETKA, M. TYMPL, Report ÚJV 3054-M,A, 1975.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    R. CALETKA, M. TYMPL, P. KOTAS, J. Chromatogr., 111 (1975) 93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Caletka
    • 1
  • M. Tympl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear ResearchŘež(Czechoslovakia)

Personalised recommendations