Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 335–361 | Cite as

The complex formation-partition and partition-association models of solvent extraction of ions

  • S. Siekierski
Physical Methods Section

Abstract

Two models of the extraction process have been proposed. In the first model it is assumed that the partitioning neutral species is at first formed in the aqueous phase and then transferred into the organic phase. The second model is based on the assumption that equivalent amounts of cations and anions are at first transferred from the aqueous into the organic phase and then associated to form a neutral molecule. The role of the solubility parameter in extraction and the relation between the solubility of liquid organic substances in water and the partition of complexes have been discussed. The extraction of simple complexes and complexes with organic ligands has been discussed using the first model. Partition coefficients have been calculated theoretically and compared with experimental values in some very simple cases. The extraction of ion pairs has been discussed using the partition-association model and the concept of single-ion partition coefficients.

Keywords

Free Energy Organic Phase Partition Coefficient Molar Volume Simple Complex 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Siekierski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiochemistryInstitute of Nuclear ResearchWarsaw(Poland)

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