Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 71, Issue 1–2, pp 147–167 | Cite as

Simultaneous determination of twelve trace elements in estuarine and sea water using pre-irradiation chromatography

  • R. R. Greenberg
  • H. M. Kingston
Environmental Analysis


A procedure is described for the preconcentration of 100 ml of estuarine and seawater into a solid sample using Chelex-100 resin. This solid sample weighs less than half a gram and contains the transition metals and many other elements of interest, but is essentially free from the alkali metals, the alkaline earth metals, and the halogens. The concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Sc, Th, U, V and Zn have been determined in seawater when this procedure was coupled to neutron activation analysis.


Neutron Activation Analysis Simultaneous Determination Seawater Sample Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. P. RILEY, G. SKIRROW, Chemical Oceanography, Vols. I and III, Academic Press, New York, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. P. RILEY, D. TAYLOR, Anal. Chim. Acta, 40 (1968) 479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. W. DAVEY, A. E. SOPER, Chapter in Analytical Methods in Oceanography, T. R. P. GIBBS Jr., (Ed.), Adv. Chem. Ser., 147, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. M. FLORENCE, G. E. BATLEY, Talanta, 23 (1976) 179; 24 (1977) 151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. LEE, N. B. KIM, I. C. LEE, K. S. CHUNG, Talanta, 24 (1977) 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. M. KINGSTON, I. L. BARNES, T. J. BRADY, T. C. RAINS, M. A. CHAMP, Anal. Chem., 50 (1978) 2064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. KINGSTON, P. A. PELLA, Anal. Chem., 53 (1981) 223.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. C. KUEHNER, R. ALVAREZ, P. J. PAULSEN, T. J. MURPHY, Anal. Chem., 44 (1972) 2050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. W. USELLER, NASASP-5074, Office of Technology, Utilization, NASA, Washington, D. C., 1969.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. R. MOODY, R. M. LINDSTROM, Anal. Chem., 49 (1977) 2264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. J. MAIENTHAL, D. A. BECKER, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), Tech, Note, 926, 1976.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. R. MOODY, H. L. ROOK, P. J. PAULSEN, T. C. RAINS, I. L. BARNES, M. S. EPSTEIN, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.) Spec. Publ., 464, W. A. KIRCHHOFF, (Ed.), 1977.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. R. KELLY, Personnel Communication 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), Certificate of Analysis, SRM 1643a, 1980.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. R. GREENBERG, Anal. Chem., 51 (1979) 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. A. BECKER, P. D. LaFLEUR, J. Radioanal. Chem. 19 (1974) 149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. M. KINGSTON, “Quantitative Ultratrace Metal Analysis of High Salinity Water Utilizing Chelating Resin Separation”, Interagency Energy-Environmental Research and Development Program Report, EPA/NBS, EPA-600/7-79-174 (1979).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. M. LEDERER, V. S. SHIRLEY (Eds.), Table of Isotopes, 7th Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. M. H. PAGDEN, G. J. PEARSON, J. M. BEWERS, J. Radioanal Chem., 8 (1971) 127; 8 (1971) 373; 9 (1971) 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. D. EVANS, The Atomic Nucleus, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. J. MURPHY, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), Spec. Publ. 422, P. D. LaFLEUR (Ed.), 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. R. Greenberg
    • 1
  • H. M. Kingston
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Analytical ChemistryNational Bureau of StandardsWashington, D. C.(USA)

Personalised recommendations