Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry

, Volume 69, Issue 1–2, pp 365–379 | Cite as

Analytical problems related to the preparation of samples used in studies on metallobiochemistry of heavy metals pollution using neutron activation analysis

  • R. Pietra
  • E. Sabbioni
  • A. Springer
  • L. Ubertalli
Biological Applications

Abstract

Severe analytical problems are associated with the analysis of heavy metals at very low levels in biological samples. This impose a high degree of sophistication of the NAA involving treatment of the sample before irradiation such as chemical separations, physical treatments and biochemical fractionation, the experimental evaluation of interfering nuclear reaction as well as the development of post-irradiation radiochemical separation. This paper treats of the problem related to the NAA of trace elements in environmental biochemical toxicology focussing attention of the sources of the elements during the analysis. Typical results and short discussion for every step of the analysis are reported.

Keywords

Biochemical Fractionation Teflon Bomb Analytical Problem Relate Application Analytical Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. I. HAMILTON, M. J. MINSKI, J. J. CLEARY, Sci. Total Environ., 1 (1972) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. I. HAMILTON, Sci. Total Environ., 5 (1976) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. O. FOURIE, M. PEISACH, Analyst 102 (1977) 193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. O. FOURIE, M. PEISACH, Radiochem. Radioanal. Letters, 26 (1976) 277.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. V. IYENGAR, K. KASPEREK, L. E. FEINENDEGEN, Sci. Total Environ., 10 (1978) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. J. M. DE GOEIJ, K. I. VOLKERS, P. S. TIJOE, Anal. Chim. Acta, 109 (1979) 139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. CARLSON, R. LITMAN, Radiochem. Radioanal. Letters, 35 (1978) 161.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. FOLDZINSKA, W. ZMIJEWSKA, Radiochem. Radioanal. Letters, 27 (1976) 225.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. PIETRA, E. SABBIONI, E. MARAFANTE, F. BERTOLERO (to be published).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. J. LUTZ, J. S. STEMPLE, H. L. ROOCK, J. Radioanal. Chem., 39 (1979) 277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. L. ROOK, T. E. GILLS, P. D. LaFLEUR, Anal. Chem., 44 (1972) 1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. PIETRA, E. SABBIONI, E. MARAFANTE, J. Radioanal. Chem., 62 (1981) 41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. VERSIECK, J. HOSTE, F. BARBIER, H. STEYAERT, J. DeRUDDER, H. MICHES, Clin. Chem., 24 (1978) 303.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Pietra
    • 1
  • E. Sabbioni
    • 1
  • A. Springer
    • 1
  • L. Ubertalli
    • 1
  1. 1.Commission of the European Communities, Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry SectorJoint Research CentreIspra (Varese)(Italy)

Personalised recommendations